Estimating Average Temperatures on Appalachian Summits

Robert J. Leffler Environmental Data and Information Services, Climatic Assessment Branch, NOAA, Washington, DC 20233

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Abstract

The relationship between average temperatures, latitudes and summit elevations throughout the Appalachian Mountains is examined. Regression equations relating summit elevations to monthly and annual average daily temperature ranges are derived. Linear equations for computing 30-year average monthly and average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for each month of the year on summits with no data are developed. Analysis of the results indicates the method provides a useful means for reliably estimating these temperatures.

Abstract

The relationship between average temperatures, latitudes and summit elevations throughout the Appalachian Mountains is examined. Regression equations relating summit elevations to monthly and annual average daily temperature ranges are derived. Linear equations for computing 30-year average monthly and average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for each month of the year on summits with no data are developed. Analysis of the results indicates the method provides a useful means for reliably estimating these temperatures.

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