Deducing the Microphysical Character of Precipitation from Multiple-Parameter Radar Polarization Measurements

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  • 1 Applied Research Corporation, Landover, MD 20785
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Abstract

Radar polarization measurements are influenced by the distribution of shapes (weighted by the index of refraction) and the fall behaviors of the hydrometeors. In so far as precipitation-sized hydrometeors are symmetric oblates in the Rayleigh-Gans scattering regime, the effects of canting and shapes can, in principle, be separated using the co- and cross-polarized backscattered signals at both horizontal and vertical polarizations. These measurements yield estimates of the variance of a two-parameter distribution of canting angles as well as the refractive index weighted estimates of the mean and variance of the shape (axis ratio) distribution. To the extent that hydrometeor asymmetries can be neglected, these quantities provide a possible framework for precipitation identification from radar polarization measurements at long wavelengths.

Abstract

Radar polarization measurements are influenced by the distribution of shapes (weighted by the index of refraction) and the fall behaviors of the hydrometeors. In so far as precipitation-sized hydrometeors are symmetric oblates in the Rayleigh-Gans scattering regime, the effects of canting and shapes can, in principle, be separated using the co- and cross-polarized backscattered signals at both horizontal and vertical polarizations. These measurements yield estimates of the variance of a two-parameter distribution of canting angles as well as the refractive index weighted estimates of the mean and variance of the shape (axis ratio) distribution. To the extent that hydrometeor asymmetries can be neglected, these quantities provide a possible framework for precipitation identification from radar polarization measurements at long wavelengths.

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