Method for Predicting River and Lake Ice Formation

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  • 1 U. S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, N. H.
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Abstract

Two sets of curves are developed which can be used to forecast the dates of. 1) first appearance of ice in the fell; and 2) ice formation from shore to shore on the Mackenzie River at Fort Good Hope, Canada. Similar curves, based on the same method, can be derived for sheltered harbor, lake and river locations. The numerical constants necessary to develop these curves were obtained from a relationship between mean daily air temperatures and previously observed dates of ice formation.

To apply the curves, an adjusted temperature record, based on a numerical constant (N) and daily air temperatures, is maintained starting in early summer. Subsequently, this daily-adjusted temperature is applied to the family of curves to provide a day-to-day forecast of the date of ice formation.

Abstract

Two sets of curves are developed which can be used to forecast the dates of. 1) first appearance of ice in the fell; and 2) ice formation from shore to shore on the Mackenzie River at Fort Good Hope, Canada. Similar curves, based on the same method, can be derived for sheltered harbor, lake and river locations. The numerical constants necessary to develop these curves were obtained from a relationship between mean daily air temperatures and previously observed dates of ice formation.

To apply the curves, an adjusted temperature record, based on a numerical constant (N) and daily air temperatures, is maintained starting in early summer. Subsequently, this daily-adjusted temperature is applied to the family of curves to provide a day-to-day forecast of the date of ice formation.

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