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Rain-Rate Estimation in the Presence of Hail Using S-Band Specific Differential Phase and Other Radar Parameters

K. AydinDepartment of Electrical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylyania

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V. N. BringiDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado

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L. LiuDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado

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Abstract

Multiparameter radar measurements were made during a heavy rainfall event accompanied by hail in Colorado. Rainfall rates R and accumulation Σ for this event were estimated using S-band specific differential phase KDP, reflectivity factor ZH, and X-band specific attenuation AH3. These estimates were compared with measurements from a ground-based rain gauge. Both RKDP and RAH3 relations were in good agreement with the rain gauge data, that is, less than 10% difference in the rainfall accumulations. The RZ relation produced similar results only when ZH was truncated at 55 dBZ. This study demonstrates the potential of KDP for estimating rainfall rates in severe storms that may have rain-hail mixtures.

Abstract

Multiparameter radar measurements were made during a heavy rainfall event accompanied by hail in Colorado. Rainfall rates R and accumulation Σ for this event were estimated using S-band specific differential phase KDP, reflectivity factor ZH, and X-band specific attenuation AH3. These estimates were compared with measurements from a ground-based rain gauge. Both RKDP and RAH3 relations were in good agreement with the rain gauge data, that is, less than 10% difference in the rainfall accumulations. The RZ relation produced similar results only when ZH was truncated at 55 dBZ. This study demonstrates the potential of KDP for estimating rainfall rates in severe storms that may have rain-hail mixtures.

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