• Donlon, C. J., , M. Martin, , J. D. Stark, , J. Roberts-Jones, , E. Fiedler, , and W. Wimmer, 2011: The Operational Sea Surface Temperature and Sea Ice Analysis (OSTIA) system. Remote Sens. Environ., 116, 140158.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kawai, Y., , and A. Wada, 2007: Diurnal sea surface temperature variation and its impact on the atmosphere and ocean: A review. J. Oceanogr., 63, 721744.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kawai, Y., , K. Otsuka, , and H. Kawamura, 2006: Study on diurnal sea surface warming and a local atmospheric circulation over Mutsu Bay. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 84, 725744.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Madec, G., 2008: NEMO ocean engine. Note du Pôle de modélisation de l’Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace 27, 217 pp. [Available online at http://www.nemo-ocean.eu/content/download/5302/31828/file/NEMO_book.pdf.]

  • Oda, R., , and M. Kanda, 2009: Observed sea surface temperature of Tokyo Bay and its impact on urban air temperature. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 48, 20542068.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pullen, J., , T. Holt, , A. F. Blumberg, , and R. D. Bornstein, 2007: Atmospheric response to local upwelling in the vicinity of New York–New Jersey harbor. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 46, 10311052.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tang, Y., , H. W. Lean, , and J. Bornemann, 2012: The benefits of the Met Office variable resolution NWP model for forecasting convection. Meteor. Appl., doi: 10.1002/met.1300, in press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 72 72 16
PDF Downloads 56 56 11

The Effect of Variable Sea Surface Temperature on Forecasting Sea Fog and Sea Breezes: A Case Study

View More View Less
  • 1 Met Office, Exeter, United Kingdom
© Get Permissions
Restricted access

Abstract

A preliminary study of the effect of sea surface temperature (SST) temporal and spatial variability on regional coastal weather forecasts is described. A high-resolution numerical weather forecast model from the Met Office is run for the U.K. region with hourly updates of SST data obtained from a shelf sea model. When compared with a control run in which SST is maintained with Operational Sea Surface Temperature and Sea Ice Analysis (OSTIA) data, it is found that there are significant differences in the coastal-region forecasts for sea breezes and fog formation. The control run underestimates surface temperature and the strength of the sea breeze when compared with the run with hourly SST updates.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Yongming Tang, ECMWF, Shinfield Park, Reading, RG2 9AX, United Kingdom. E-mail: yongming.tang@ecmwf.int

Abstract

A preliminary study of the effect of sea surface temperature (SST) temporal and spatial variability on regional coastal weather forecasts is described. A high-resolution numerical weather forecast model from the Met Office is run for the U.K. region with hourly updates of SST data obtained from a shelf sea model. When compared with a control run in which SST is maintained with Operational Sea Surface Temperature and Sea Ice Analysis (OSTIA) data, it is found that there are significant differences in the coastal-region forecasts for sea breezes and fog formation. The control run underestimates surface temperature and the strength of the sea breeze when compared with the run with hourly SST updates.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Yongming Tang, ECMWF, Shinfield Park, Reading, RG2 9AX, United Kingdom. E-mail: yongming.tang@ecmwf.int
Save