Case Studies of the Distribution of CAT in the Troposphere and Stratosphere

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  • a The Pennsylvania State University, University Park
  • | b Environmental Sciences Services Administration
  • | c Capt., U. S. Air Force
  • | d Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory, Dayton, Ohio
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Abstract

Two separate case studies of clear air turbulence are presented, one in the stratosphere over the Rocky Mountains, the other in the upper troposphere over the midwestern plains.

The mechanism in both situations appears to be similar. CAT occurs in strongly baroclinic zones with strong vertical wind shears and low Richardson numbers. There is a tendency for the most severe turbulence to be located at the edges of the baroclinic zones.

Abstract

Two separate case studies of clear air turbulence are presented, one in the stratosphere over the Rocky Mountains, the other in the upper troposphere over the midwestern plains.

The mechanism in both situations appears to be similar. CAT occurs in strongly baroclinic zones with strong vertical wind shears and low Richardson numbers. There is a tendency for the most severe turbulence to be located at the edges of the baroclinic zones.

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