Results of a Randomized Cloud Seeding Experiment in South Dakota

A. S. Dennis Institute of Atmospheric Sciences, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City

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Alexander Koscielski Institute of Atmospheric Sciences, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City

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Abstract

A 3-year randomized crossover seeding experiment has been conducted in South Dakota to test effects of artificial nucleation upon supercooled convective clouds of spring and early summer. The associated rainfall observations have been analyzed by several statistical techniques. The principal conclusions are: 1) on days with isolated showers, rainfall has been heavier in the seeded target area than in the unseeded target area; 2) on days with widespread convective activity and southwesterly winds aloft, rainfall has been lighter in the seeded target area than in the unseeded target area, except for the regions 10–20 miles east of the Black Hills; and 3) on days with widespread convective activity and northwesterly winds aloft, rainfall has been lighter in the seeded than in the unseeded target area.

Abstract

A 3-year randomized crossover seeding experiment has been conducted in South Dakota to test effects of artificial nucleation upon supercooled convective clouds of spring and early summer. The associated rainfall observations have been analyzed by several statistical techniques. The principal conclusions are: 1) on days with isolated showers, rainfall has been heavier in the seeded target area than in the unseeded target area; 2) on days with widespread convective activity and southwesterly winds aloft, rainfall has been lighter in the seeded target area than in the unseeded target area, except for the regions 10–20 miles east of the Black Hills; and 3) on days with widespread convective activity and northwesterly winds aloft, rainfall has been lighter in the seeded than in the unseeded target area.

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