Validation of a Technique for Estimating Outgoing Longwave Radiation from HIRS Radiance Observations

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  • 1 Cooperative Institute for Climate Studies, Department of Meteorology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland
  • | 2 NOAA/NESDIS, Washington, D.C.
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Abstract

Simultaneous observations by the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanning radiometer and the High-Resolution Infrared Sounder (HIRS) on board the NOAA-9 spacecraft have been used to validate a multispectral technique for estimating the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) from the earth-atmosphere system. Results farm approximately 100 000 collocated observations show that the HIRS technique provides instantaneous OLR estimates that agree with the ERBE observations just as well as different ERBE scanners agree with each other—about 5 W m−2 rms. Although there are differences between the HIRS and ERBE estimates that depend upon the scene type and time of day, the HIRS technique explained more than 99% of the variance of the ERBE observations for both day and night observations. The results suggest that the HIRS OLR technique is a suitable replacement for the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer technique now used by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for operational estimates of the OLR.

Abstract

Simultaneous observations by the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanning radiometer and the High-Resolution Infrared Sounder (HIRS) on board the NOAA-9 spacecraft have been used to validate a multispectral technique for estimating the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) from the earth-atmosphere system. Results farm approximately 100 000 collocated observations show that the HIRS technique provides instantaneous OLR estimates that agree with the ERBE observations just as well as different ERBE scanners agree with each other—about 5 W m−2 rms. Although there are differences between the HIRS and ERBE estimates that depend upon the scene type and time of day, the HIRS technique explained more than 99% of the variance of the ERBE observations for both day and night observations. The results suggest that the HIRS OLR technique is a suitable replacement for the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer technique now used by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for operational estimates of the OLR.

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