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Methodology for Aligning and Comparing Spaceborne Radar and Ground-Based Radar Observations

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  • 1 Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado
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Abstract

Direct intercomparisons between space- and ground-based radar measurements can be a challenging task. Differences in viewing aspects between space and earth observations, propagation paths, frequencies, resolution volume size, and time synchronization mismatch between space- and ground-based observations can contribute to direct point-by-point intercomparison errors. This problem is further complicated by geometric distortions induced upon the space-based observations caused by the movements and attitude perturbations of the spacecraft itself. A method to align measurements between these two systems is presented. The method makes use of variable resolution volume matching between the two systems and presents a technique to minimize the effects of potential geometric distortion in space radar observations relative to ground measurements. Applications of the method are shown that make a comparison between the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) precipitation radar (PR) reflectivity measurements and ground radar.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Steven M. Bolen NASA/JSC, MC:EV41, 2101 NASA Rd. 1, Houston, TX 77058. Email: sbolen@ems.jsc.nasa.gov

Abstract

Direct intercomparisons between space- and ground-based radar measurements can be a challenging task. Differences in viewing aspects between space and earth observations, propagation paths, frequencies, resolution volume size, and time synchronization mismatch between space- and ground-based observations can contribute to direct point-by-point intercomparison errors. This problem is further complicated by geometric distortions induced upon the space-based observations caused by the movements and attitude perturbations of the spacecraft itself. A method to align measurements between these two systems is presented. The method makes use of variable resolution volume matching between the two systems and presents a technique to minimize the effects of potential geometric distortion in space radar observations relative to ground measurements. Applications of the method are shown that make a comparison between the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) precipitation radar (PR) reflectivity measurements and ground radar.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Steven M. Bolen NASA/JSC, MC:EV41, 2101 NASA Rd. 1, Houston, TX 77058. Email: sbolen@ems.jsc.nasa.gov

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