High-Resolution Radio Acoustic Sounding System Observations and Analysis up to 20 km

Simon P. Alexander Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Japan

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Toshitaka Tsuda Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Japan

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Abstract

The first campaign-based measurements of virtual temperature in the upper-troposphere and lower-stratosphere (UTLS) region were made with the middle- and upper-atmosphere (MU) radar radio acoustic sounding system (RASS) during 4 days in August 1995. This dataset was examined in order to study high-frequency changes in the stability below 20 km, but especially in the UTLS region. Calculations of the WMO tropopause and cold-point tropopause heights showed the latter to be (1.0 ± 0.6) km higher, where 0.6 km is the standard deviation. A diurnal cycle of temperature and wind dominated the spectra, which was identified as the diurnal solar tide. Its phase maximum occurred in the afternoon between 5 and 15 km and showed upward energy propagation above this height. Changes in the UTLS kinetic energy dissipation rate ε showed significant high-frequency fluctuations embedded within layers that persisted for at least 1 day. Relative to the WMO tropopause height, the median ε increased from (0.5 ± 0.1) × 10−3 m2 s−3 in the upper troposphere to (0.7 ± 0.1) × 10−3 m2 s−3 in the lower stratosphere.

Corresponding author address: Simon Alexander, Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji 611-0011, Japan. Email: alexander@rish.kyoto-u.ac.jp

This article included in the Fifth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling (ISTP) special collection.

Abstract

The first campaign-based measurements of virtual temperature in the upper-troposphere and lower-stratosphere (UTLS) region were made with the middle- and upper-atmosphere (MU) radar radio acoustic sounding system (RASS) during 4 days in August 1995. This dataset was examined in order to study high-frequency changes in the stability below 20 km, but especially in the UTLS region. Calculations of the WMO tropopause and cold-point tropopause heights showed the latter to be (1.0 ± 0.6) km higher, where 0.6 km is the standard deviation. A diurnal cycle of temperature and wind dominated the spectra, which was identified as the diurnal solar tide. Its phase maximum occurred in the afternoon between 5 and 15 km and showed upward energy propagation above this height. Changes in the UTLS kinetic energy dissipation rate ε showed significant high-frequency fluctuations embedded within layers that persisted for at least 1 day. Relative to the WMO tropopause height, the median ε increased from (0.5 ± 0.1) × 10−3 m2 s−3 in the upper troposphere to (0.7 ± 0.1) × 10−3 m2 s−3 in the lower stratosphere.

Corresponding author address: Simon Alexander, Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji 611-0011, Japan. Email: alexander@rish.kyoto-u.ac.jp

This article included in the Fifth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling (ISTP) special collection.

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