A Four-Year Lidar–Sun Photometer Aerosol Study at São Paulo, Brazil

Eduardo Landulfo Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil

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Alexandros Papayannis National Technical University of Athens, Zografou, Greece

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Ani Sobral Torres Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil

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Sandro Toshio Uehara Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil

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Lucila Maria Viola Pozzetti Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil

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Caio Alencar de Matos Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil

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Patricia Sawamura Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil

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Walter Morinobu Nakaema Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil

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Wellington de Jesus Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil

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Abstract

A backscattering lidar system, the first of this kind in Brazil, has been used to provide the vertical profile of the aerosol backscatter coefficient at 532 nm up to an altitude of 4–6 km above sea level (ASL), in a suburban area in the city of São Paulo. The lidar system has been operational since September 2001. The lidar data products were obtained in a 4-yr period (2001–04) and concerned the aerosol optical thickness (AOT), the aerosol backscattering and extinction coefficients at 532 nm, cloud properties (cloud base, thickness), planetary boundary layer (PBL) heights, aerosol layering, and the structure and dynamics of the lower troposphere. The lidar data are presented and analyzed in synergy with AOT measurements obtained by a Cimel sun-tracking photometer in the visible spectral region, not only to validate the lidar data but also to provide an input value of the so-called extinction-to-backscatter ratio [lidar ratio (LR)]. A correlation between the lidar data and the data obtained by a Cimel sun-tracking photometer [belonging to the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET)] is being made to set a temporal database of those data that were collected concomitantly and to cross correlate the information gathered by each instrument. The sun photometer data are used to provide AOT values at selected wavelengths and thus to derive the Ångström exponent (AE) values, single scattering albedo (SSA) and phase function values, and LR values. The analysis of these data showed an important trend in the seasonal signature of the LR indicating a change of the predominant type of aerosol between the dry and wet seasons. Thus, during the wet season the LR lidar values are greater (50–60 sr), which indicates that larger absorption by the aerosols takes place during this period. The corresponding AE values range between 1.3 and 2 for both periods.

Corresponding author address: Eduardo Landulfo, IPEN, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 2242, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP-05508-000 Brazil. Email: elandulf@ipen.br

This article included in the Fifth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling (ISTP) special collection.

Abstract

A backscattering lidar system, the first of this kind in Brazil, has been used to provide the vertical profile of the aerosol backscatter coefficient at 532 nm up to an altitude of 4–6 km above sea level (ASL), in a suburban area in the city of São Paulo. The lidar system has been operational since September 2001. The lidar data products were obtained in a 4-yr period (2001–04) and concerned the aerosol optical thickness (AOT), the aerosol backscattering and extinction coefficients at 532 nm, cloud properties (cloud base, thickness), planetary boundary layer (PBL) heights, aerosol layering, and the structure and dynamics of the lower troposphere. The lidar data are presented and analyzed in synergy with AOT measurements obtained by a Cimel sun-tracking photometer in the visible spectral region, not only to validate the lidar data but also to provide an input value of the so-called extinction-to-backscatter ratio [lidar ratio (LR)]. A correlation between the lidar data and the data obtained by a Cimel sun-tracking photometer [belonging to the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET)] is being made to set a temporal database of those data that were collected concomitantly and to cross correlate the information gathered by each instrument. The sun photometer data are used to provide AOT values at selected wavelengths and thus to derive the Ångström exponent (AE) values, single scattering albedo (SSA) and phase function values, and LR values. The analysis of these data showed an important trend in the seasonal signature of the LR indicating a change of the predominant type of aerosol between the dry and wet seasons. Thus, during the wet season the LR lidar values are greater (50–60 sr), which indicates that larger absorption by the aerosols takes place during this period. The corresponding AE values range between 1.3 and 2 for both periods.

Corresponding author address: Eduardo Landulfo, IPEN, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 2242, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP-05508-000 Brazil. Email: elandulf@ipen.br

This article included in the Fifth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling (ISTP) special collection.

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