Mobile Lidar Profiling of Tropical Aerosols and Clouds

P. C. S. Devara Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pashan, Pune, India

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P. E. Raj Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pashan, Pune, India

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K. K. Dani Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pashan, Pune, India

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G. Pandithurai Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pashan, Pune, India

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M. C. R. Kalapureddy Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pashan, Pune, India

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S. M. Sonbawne Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pashan, Pune, India

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Y. J. Rao Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pashan, Pune, India

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S. K. Saha Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pashan, Pune, India

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Abstract

Lidar profiling of atmospheric aerosols and clouds in the lower atmosphere has been in progress at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune (18°32′N, 73°52′E, 559 m MSL), India, for more than two decades. To enlarge the scope of these studies, an eye-safe new portable dual polarization micropulse lidar (DPMPL) has been developed and installed at this station. The system utilizes a diode-pumped solid-state (DPSS) neodymium–yttrium–aluminum–garnet (Nd:YAG) laser second harmonic, with either parallel polarization or alternate parallel and perpendicular polarization, as a transmitter and a Schmidt–Cassegrain telescope, with a high-speed detection and data acquisition and processing system, as a receiver. This online system in real-time mode provides backscatter intensity profiles up to about 75 km at every minute in both parallel and perpendicular polarization channels, corresponding to each state of polarization of the transmitted laser radiation. Thus, this versatile lidar system is expected to play a vital role not only in atmospheric aerosol and cloud physics research and environmental monitoring but also in weather and climate modeling studies of the impact of radiative forcing on the earth–atmosphere radiation balance and hydrological cycle. This paper provides a detailed description of Asia’s only lidar facility and presents initial observations of space–time variations of boundary layer structure from experiments carried out during winter 2005/06.

Corresponding author address: Dr. P. C. S. Devara, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, NCL Post Office, Pashan, Pune 411 008, India. Email: devara@tropmet.res.in

This article included in the Fifth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling (ISTP) special collection.

Abstract

Lidar profiling of atmospheric aerosols and clouds in the lower atmosphere has been in progress at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune (18°32′N, 73°52′E, 559 m MSL), India, for more than two decades. To enlarge the scope of these studies, an eye-safe new portable dual polarization micropulse lidar (DPMPL) has been developed and installed at this station. The system utilizes a diode-pumped solid-state (DPSS) neodymium–yttrium–aluminum–garnet (Nd:YAG) laser second harmonic, with either parallel polarization or alternate parallel and perpendicular polarization, as a transmitter and a Schmidt–Cassegrain telescope, with a high-speed detection and data acquisition and processing system, as a receiver. This online system in real-time mode provides backscatter intensity profiles up to about 75 km at every minute in both parallel and perpendicular polarization channels, corresponding to each state of polarization of the transmitted laser radiation. Thus, this versatile lidar system is expected to play a vital role not only in atmospheric aerosol and cloud physics research and environmental monitoring but also in weather and climate modeling studies of the impact of radiative forcing on the earth–atmosphere radiation balance and hydrological cycle. This paper provides a detailed description of Asia’s only lidar facility and presents initial observations of space–time variations of boundary layer structure from experiments carried out during winter 2005/06.

Corresponding author address: Dr. P. C. S. Devara, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, NCL Post Office, Pashan, Pune 411 008, India. Email: devara@tropmet.res.in

This article included in the Fifth International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling (ISTP) special collection.

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