• Delhaise, F., and Morbidelli A. , 1993: Luni-solar effects of geosynchronous orbits at the critical inclination. Celestial Mech. Dyn. Astron., 57, 155173.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Duboshin, G. N., 1976: Spravochnoe Rukovodstvo po Nebesnoi Mekhanike I Astrodynamike (The Reference Manual on Celestial Mechanics and Astrodynamics). 2nd ed. Nauka, 864 pp.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • El’yasberg, P. E., 1965: Introduction to the Theory of Flight of Artificial Earth Satellites. Nauka, NASA TT F-391, TT 67-51399, 357 pp.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Escobal, P. R., 1965: Methods of Orbit Determination. John Wiley and Sons, 463 pp.

  • Jupp, H. A., 1988: The critical inclination problem—30 years of progress. Celestial Mech., 43, 127138.

  • Kidder, S. Q., and Vonder Haar T. H. , 1990: On the use of satellites in Molniya orbits for meteorological observation of middle and high latitudes. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 7, 517522.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Luo, Y., Trishchenko A. P. , and Khlopenkov K. V. , 2008: Developing clear-sky, cloud and cloud shadow mask for producing clear-sky composites at 250-meter spatial resolution for the seven MODIS land bands over Canada and North America. Remote Sens. Environ., 112, 41674185.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PCW, 2010: Polar Communication and Weather mission: User requirement document. Version 5.1, 111 pp.

  • Solomon, S., Qin D. , Manning M. , Marquis M. , Averyt K. , Tignor M. M. B. , Miller H. L. Jr., and Chen Z. , Eds., 2007: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Cambridge University Press, 996 pp.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WMO, 2009: WMO vision for the GOS in 2025. Proc. Ninth Consultative Meeting on High-Level Policy on Satellite Matters, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, WMO, 19 pp. [Available online at http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/sat/meetings/documents/cm9_Doc_08_GOSVision2025.pdf.]

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WMO, 2010: The International Geostationary Laboratory (IGeoLab) for highly elliptical orbit focus group. WMO Final Rep., 9 pp. [Available online at http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/sat/documents/igeolabheo3FinalReport.pdf.]

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 512 255 30
PDF Downloads 307 151 7

Spatial and Temporal Sampling of Polar Regions from Two-Satellite System on Molniya Orbit

View More View Less
  • 1 Network Strategy and Design, Meteorological Service of Canada, Environment Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
  • | 2 Data Assimilation and Satellite Meteorology Research, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada, Dorval, Quebec, Canada
Restricted access

Abstract

There has been a significant increase of interest in the building of a comprehensive Arctic observing system in recent years to properly and timely track the environmental and climate processes in this vast region. In this regard, a satellite observing system on highly elliptical orbit (HEO) with 12-h period (Molniya type) is of particular interest, because it enables continuous coverage of the entire Arctic region (58°–90°N) from a constellation of two satellites. Canada is currently proposing to operate such a constellation by 2017. Extending the pioneering study of S. Q. Kidder and T. H. Vonder Haar, this paper presents in-depth analysis of spatiotemporal sampling properties of the imagery from this system. This paper also discusses challenges and advantages of this orbit for various applications that require high temporal resolution and angular sampling.

Current affiliation: Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, Ottawa, Canada.

Corresponding author address: Alexander P. Trishchenko, Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, 588 Booth Street, Ottawa ON K1A0Y7, Canada. E-mail: trichtch@nrcan.gc.ca

Abstract

There has been a significant increase of interest in the building of a comprehensive Arctic observing system in recent years to properly and timely track the environmental and climate processes in this vast region. In this regard, a satellite observing system on highly elliptical orbit (HEO) with 12-h period (Molniya type) is of particular interest, because it enables continuous coverage of the entire Arctic region (58°–90°N) from a constellation of two satellites. Canada is currently proposing to operate such a constellation by 2017. Extending the pioneering study of S. Q. Kidder and T. H. Vonder Haar, this paper presents in-depth analysis of spatiotemporal sampling properties of the imagery from this system. This paper also discusses challenges and advantages of this orbit for various applications that require high temporal resolution and angular sampling.

Current affiliation: Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, Ottawa, Canada.

Corresponding author address: Alexander P. Trishchenko, Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, 588 Booth Street, Ottawa ON K1A0Y7, Canada. E-mail: trichtch@nrcan.gc.ca
Save