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Profiles of Wind Speed Variances within Nocturnal Low-Level Jets Observed with a Sodar

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  • 1 A. M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Moscow, Russia
  • | 2 Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland, and A. M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Moscow, Russia
  • | 3 A. M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Moscow, Russia
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Abstract

Continuous sodar measurements of wind profiles have been carried out at the Zvenigorod Scientific Station of the Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics since 2008. The station is located in a slightly inhomogeneous rural area about 45 km west of Moscow, Russia. The data were used to determine the parameters of wind and turbulence within low-level jets in the stable atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). Along with the mean velocity profiles, the profiles of variances of wind speed components from the sodar and the profiles of temperature from a microwave radiometer have been used to quantify turbulence and thermal stratification. Data from two sonic anemometers were used to get the near-surface parameters.

The typical standard deviation of the vertical wind component σw within the low-level jet is about 5% of the maximum wind speed in the jet. No noticeable vertical variation of σw across the jets was detected in several earlier sodar campaigns, and it was not found in the present study. An increase in horizontal variances was detected in zones of substantial wind shear, which agrees with earlier published lidar data.

Quasi-periodic structures in the sodar return signal, which appear in sodar echograms as braid-shaped patterns, were found to emerge preferably when a substantial increase of wind shear occurs at the top of the stable ABL. The braid patterns in the sodar echograms were not accompanied by any noticeable increase of observed σw, which disagrees with earlier data and indicates that such patterns may originate from various phenomena.

Corresponding author address: Rostislav Kouznetsov, Finnish Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 503, FI-00101 Helsinki, Finland. E-mail: rostislav.kouznetsov@fmi.fi

This article is included in the ISARS 2012 special collection.

Abstract

Continuous sodar measurements of wind profiles have been carried out at the Zvenigorod Scientific Station of the Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics since 2008. The station is located in a slightly inhomogeneous rural area about 45 km west of Moscow, Russia. The data were used to determine the parameters of wind and turbulence within low-level jets in the stable atmospheric boundary layer (ABL). Along with the mean velocity profiles, the profiles of variances of wind speed components from the sodar and the profiles of temperature from a microwave radiometer have been used to quantify turbulence and thermal stratification. Data from two sonic anemometers were used to get the near-surface parameters.

The typical standard deviation of the vertical wind component σw within the low-level jet is about 5% of the maximum wind speed in the jet. No noticeable vertical variation of σw across the jets was detected in several earlier sodar campaigns, and it was not found in the present study. An increase in horizontal variances was detected in zones of substantial wind shear, which agrees with earlier published lidar data.

Quasi-periodic structures in the sodar return signal, which appear in sodar echograms as braid-shaped patterns, were found to emerge preferably when a substantial increase of wind shear occurs at the top of the stable ABL. The braid patterns in the sodar echograms were not accompanied by any noticeable increase of observed σw, which disagrees with earlier data and indicates that such patterns may originate from various phenomena.

Corresponding author address: Rostislav Kouznetsov, Finnish Meteorological Institute, P.O. Box 503, FI-00101 Helsinki, Finland. E-mail: rostislav.kouznetsov@fmi.fi

This article is included in the ISARS 2012 special collection.

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