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Signal Design to Suppress Coupling in the Polarimetric Phased Array Radar

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  • 1 NOAA/OAR/National Severe Storms Laboratory, Norman, Oklahoma
  • | 2 Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies, University of Oklahoma, and NOAA/OAR/National Severe Storms Laboratory, Norman, Oklahoma
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Abstract

Examined are two related modes of polarimetric signal transmission that reduce coupling between the orthogonal components of received signals. For the surveillance scan with large unambiguous range and the simultaneous mode of horizontal (H) and vertical (V) transmission, pulse-to-pulse coding is suggested. It relaxes conditions on cross-coupling isolation from about 45 to about 25 dB while preserving the unambiguous range of over 460 km. For application to systematic codes during Doppler data acquisition, time-multiplexed (back to back) H and V pulses are proposed. This approach also relaxes the cross-coupling isolation to about 25 dB. These theoretically predicted values agree with those obtained by emulating the two schemes using oversampled time series data.

Corresponding author address: Dusan S. Zrnić, NOAA/NSSL, 120 David Boren Blvd., Norman, OK 73072. E-mail: dusan.zrnic@noaa.gov

Abstract

Examined are two related modes of polarimetric signal transmission that reduce coupling between the orthogonal components of received signals. For the surveillance scan with large unambiguous range and the simultaneous mode of horizontal (H) and vertical (V) transmission, pulse-to-pulse coding is suggested. It relaxes conditions on cross-coupling isolation from about 45 to about 25 dB while preserving the unambiguous range of over 460 km. For application to systematic codes during Doppler data acquisition, time-multiplexed (back to back) H and V pulses are proposed. This approach also relaxes the cross-coupling isolation to about 25 dB. These theoretically predicted values agree with those obtained by emulating the two schemes using oversampled time series data.

Corresponding author address: Dusan S. Zrnić, NOAA/NSSL, 120 David Boren Blvd., Norman, OK 73072. E-mail: dusan.zrnic@noaa.gov
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