The Impact of the Tracer Size and the Temporal Gap between Images in the Extraction of Atmospheric Motion Vectors

Javier García-Pereda AEMET, Madrid, Spain

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Régis Borde EUMETSAT, Darmstadt, Germany

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Abstract

The goal of this paper is to show the impact of the tracer size and the temporal gap between images in atmospheric motion vector (AMV) extraction schemes. A test has been performed using NWC SAF/High Resolutions Winds AMV software for different configurations with a tracer size varying between 8 × 8 and 40 × 40 pixels and a temporal gap between images varying between 5 and 90 min. AMVs have been extracted for four different MSG/SEVIRI channels (HRVIS, VIS0.8, WV6.2, and IR10.8) over the European and Mediterranean area for a 6-month period (January–June 2010). The AMV performances have been tested against radiosonde winds and ECMWF model analysis winds.

The results show a small impact of the tracer size on the number of valid AMVs, which is, however, more significant for clear air AMVs, and a significant impact of the temporal gap between images. The largest number of valid AMVs has been found in general for a temporal gap of 5 min for the 1-km pixel scale and for a temporal gap of 10 min for the 3-km pixel scale. Results also show a decrease of the mean AMV speed and the normalized BIAS (NBIAS) with larger tracer sizes, and a relatively small impact of the temporal gap on these parameters. Finally, the results show minimum values of the normalized root-mean-square vector difference (NRMSVD) for intermediate temporal gaps between 15 and 30 min with a relatively small impact of the tracer size on this parameter.

Corresponding author address: Javier García-Pereda, AEMET, Leonardo Prieto Castro 8, E-28040 Madrid, Spain. E-mail: jgarciap@aemet.es; regis.borde@eumetsat.int

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to show the impact of the tracer size and the temporal gap between images in atmospheric motion vector (AMV) extraction schemes. A test has been performed using NWC SAF/High Resolutions Winds AMV software for different configurations with a tracer size varying between 8 × 8 and 40 × 40 pixels and a temporal gap between images varying between 5 and 90 min. AMVs have been extracted for four different MSG/SEVIRI channels (HRVIS, VIS0.8, WV6.2, and IR10.8) over the European and Mediterranean area for a 6-month period (January–June 2010). The AMV performances have been tested against radiosonde winds and ECMWF model analysis winds.

The results show a small impact of the tracer size on the number of valid AMVs, which is, however, more significant for clear air AMVs, and a significant impact of the temporal gap between images. The largest number of valid AMVs has been found in general for a temporal gap of 5 min for the 1-km pixel scale and for a temporal gap of 10 min for the 3-km pixel scale. Results also show a decrease of the mean AMV speed and the normalized BIAS (NBIAS) with larger tracer sizes, and a relatively small impact of the temporal gap on these parameters. Finally, the results show minimum values of the normalized root-mean-square vector difference (NRMSVD) for intermediate temporal gaps between 15 and 30 min with a relatively small impact of the tracer size on this parameter.

Corresponding author address: Javier García-Pereda, AEMET, Leonardo Prieto Castro 8, E-28040 Madrid, Spain. E-mail: jgarciap@aemet.es; regis.borde@eumetsat.int
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