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Examination of Optical Processes in the Atmosphere during Upper-Air Soundings

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  • 1 a Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Russia
  • | 2 b Central Aerological Observatory, Roshydromet, Dolgoprudny, Russia
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Abstract

Improving the quality of weather forecasts and the reliability of climate research requires increasing the reliability of measurements. This paper presents results for optical sensors attached to radiosondes. These sensors can measure cloud-top height (CTH) with high accuracy and determine the presence of precipitation particles in clouds and the height of the boundary between the tropospheric and stratospheric air masses. These research findings are especially important in the Arctic, where the reliability of cloud data is poor, especially during polar nights. With the help of a visible range optical sensor, during the daytime, it is possible to measure CTH with an accuracy of 50 m. Using data from an IR sensor it is possible to measure CTH both day and night. The paper also discusses the possibility of using optical sensors in an observational network. The results from this study could be useful for both weather forecasting and climate research.

Significance Statement

Remote satellite methods allow us to get information quickly from all over Earth. One of the important variables is the presence of clouds and the cloud-top height because they determines the flow of solar energy to Earth’s surface. We suggest equipping a standard radiosonde with an optical sensor to detect cloud cover and measure cloud-top height. In addition, the optical sensor allows us to measure the height of the boundary between the troposphere and the stratosphere.

© 2021 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

Corresponding author: A.V. Kochin, av_kochin@phystech.edu

Abstract

Improving the quality of weather forecasts and the reliability of climate research requires increasing the reliability of measurements. This paper presents results for optical sensors attached to radiosondes. These sensors can measure cloud-top height (CTH) with high accuracy and determine the presence of precipitation particles in clouds and the height of the boundary between the tropospheric and stratospheric air masses. These research findings are especially important in the Arctic, where the reliability of cloud data is poor, especially during polar nights. With the help of a visible range optical sensor, during the daytime, it is possible to measure CTH with an accuracy of 50 m. Using data from an IR sensor it is possible to measure CTH both day and night. The paper also discusses the possibility of using optical sensors in an observational network. The results from this study could be useful for both weather forecasting and climate research.

Significance Statement

Remote satellite methods allow us to get information quickly from all over Earth. One of the important variables is the presence of clouds and the cloud-top height because they determines the flow of solar energy to Earth’s surface. We suggest equipping a standard radiosonde with an optical sensor to detect cloud cover and measure cloud-top height. In addition, the optical sensor allows us to measure the height of the boundary between the troposphere and the stratosphere.

© 2021 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

Corresponding author: A.V. Kochin, av_kochin@phystech.edu
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