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A Methodology for Estimating the Response of the Coastal Ocean to Meteorological Forcing: A Case Study in Bohai Bay

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  • 1 Hubei Key Laboratory of Marine Geological Resources, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China
  • 2 College of Life Sciences and Oceanography, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China
  • 3 Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory, Guangzhou, China
  • 4 Physical Oceanography Laboratory, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China
  • 5 Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
  • 6 Key Laboratory of Engineering Sediment of the Ministry of Transport, Tianjin Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering, Ministry of Transport, Tianjin, China
  • 7 National Engineering Laboratory for Port Hydraulic Construction Technology, Tianjin Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering, Ministry of Transport, Tianjin, China
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Abstract

The coastal ocean sea level (SL) variations result from multiscale processes and are dominated by SL changes due to meteorological forcing. In this study, a new methodology, which combines inverted barometer correction and regression analysis (IBR), is developed to estimate the coastal ocean response to meteorological forcing in shallow water. The response is taken as the combination of the static ocean response calculated using the inverted barometer formula and the dynamic ocean response estimated using the multivariable linear regression involving atmospheric pressure and the wind component in the dominant wind orientation. IBR was implemented to estimate the coastal ocean response at two stations, E1 and E2, in Bohai Bay, China. The analyzed results indicate that at both stations, the adjusted SLs are related more to the regional wind, which is the averaged value of ERA-Interim data in Bohai Bay, than to the local wind. The estimated response using IBR with the regional meteorological forcing is much closer to the observed values than other methods, including the classical inverted barometer correction, the dynamic atmospheric correction, the multivariable linear regression, and the IBR with local forcing. The deviations between the observed values and the estimated values using IBR with regional meteorological forcing can be primarily attributed to remote wind. This case study indicates that IBR is a feasible and relatively effective method to estimate the coastal ocean response to meteorological forcing in shallow water.

© 2021 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

Corresponding author: Lin Mu, moulin1977@hotmail.com

Abstract

The coastal ocean sea level (SL) variations result from multiscale processes and are dominated by SL changes due to meteorological forcing. In this study, a new methodology, which combines inverted barometer correction and regression analysis (IBR), is developed to estimate the coastal ocean response to meteorological forcing in shallow water. The response is taken as the combination of the static ocean response calculated using the inverted barometer formula and the dynamic ocean response estimated using the multivariable linear regression involving atmospheric pressure and the wind component in the dominant wind orientation. IBR was implemented to estimate the coastal ocean response at two stations, E1 and E2, in Bohai Bay, China. The analyzed results indicate that at both stations, the adjusted SLs are related more to the regional wind, which is the averaged value of ERA-Interim data in Bohai Bay, than to the local wind. The estimated response using IBR with the regional meteorological forcing is much closer to the observed values than other methods, including the classical inverted barometer correction, the dynamic atmospheric correction, the multivariable linear regression, and the IBR with local forcing. The deviations between the observed values and the estimated values using IBR with regional meteorological forcing can be primarily attributed to remote wind. This case study indicates that IBR is a feasible and relatively effective method to estimate the coastal ocean response to meteorological forcing in shallow water.

© 2021 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

Corresponding author: Lin Mu, moulin1977@hotmail.com
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