Phase Codes for Mitigating Ambiguities in Range and Velocity

View More View Less
  • 1 NOAA/OAR/National Severe Storms Laboratory, and School of Meteorology, and School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma
  • 2 Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies and School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Oklahoma, and NOAA/OAR/National Severe Storms Laboratory, Norman, Oklahoma
© Get Permissions
Restricted access

Abstract

We review cubic phase codes for mitigating ambiguities in range and velocity before introducing two specific codes. The two have periodicities of 5 and 7 samples for both the transmitted and the modulation code sequences. The short periods are suitable for generating codes of arbitrary length starting with about 15. We abbreviate the two codes with L5 and L7 and describe generation of the codes starting with kernels (i.e., minimum length sequences which repeat to generate the codes of desired lengths). The L5 modulation code produces 5 spectral replicas of the coded signal and the L7 produces 7. We apply the L7 code to a sinusoid and reveal spectra of the modulated signals from several ambiguous range intervals. Through simulation, we show application to weather-like signals and construct examples whereby two weather signals and ground clutter are overlaid. Using theory, we define the operating region of the codes in the signal parameter space. The region covers a wide range of overlaid returned powers and spectrum widths; it is obtained from simulations involving the L codes and the SZ(8/64) code. The technique is effective in distinguishing the returns from two trip regions separated by no more than L-2 ambiguous range intervals and reconstructing the corresponding spectral moments. The L5 and L7 codes protect from trip returns, up to 5th and 7th making them suitable for short wavelength (3 and 5 cm) radars as their PRTs must be relatively short to accommodate the expected spread of velocities in storms.

Corresponding author address: Dusan Zrnić, National Weather Center, 120 David L. Boren Blvd., Norman, OK 73072. E-mail: Dusan.Zrnic@noaa.gov

Abstract

We review cubic phase codes for mitigating ambiguities in range and velocity before introducing two specific codes. The two have periodicities of 5 and 7 samples for both the transmitted and the modulation code sequences. The short periods are suitable for generating codes of arbitrary length starting with about 15. We abbreviate the two codes with L5 and L7 and describe generation of the codes starting with kernels (i.e., minimum length sequences which repeat to generate the codes of desired lengths). The L5 modulation code produces 5 spectral replicas of the coded signal and the L7 produces 7. We apply the L7 code to a sinusoid and reveal spectra of the modulated signals from several ambiguous range intervals. Through simulation, we show application to weather-like signals and construct examples whereby two weather signals and ground clutter are overlaid. Using theory, we define the operating region of the codes in the signal parameter space. The region covers a wide range of overlaid returned powers and spectrum widths; it is obtained from simulations involving the L codes and the SZ(8/64) code. The technique is effective in distinguishing the returns from two trip regions separated by no more than L-2 ambiguous range intervals and reconstructing the corresponding spectral moments. The L5 and L7 codes protect from trip returns, up to 5th and 7th making them suitable for short wavelength (3 and 5 cm) radars as their PRTs must be relatively short to accommodate the expected spread of velocities in storms.

Corresponding author address: Dusan Zrnić, National Weather Center, 120 David L. Boren Blvd., Norman, OK 73072. E-mail: Dusan.Zrnic@noaa.gov
Save