Baroclinic Instability in the Presence of Barotropic Jets

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  • 1 N. Erythrea, Athens, Greece
  • | 2 Center for Meteorology and Physical Oceanography, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139
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Abstract

A formalism is developed for the calculation of baroclinic instability for barotropically stable jets. The formalism is applied to jet versions of both the Eady and Charney problems. It is found that jets act to confine instabilities meridionally, thus internally determining meridional wave scales. Once this internally determined meridional scale is taken into account, results correspond plausibly to classical results without a jet.

Consideration of the effect of such instabilities on the mean flow shows that they act to concentrate the jet barotropically while simultaneously reducing baroclinicity.

Abstract

A formalism is developed for the calculation of baroclinic instability for barotropically stable jets. The formalism is applied to jet versions of both the Eady and Charney problems. It is found that jets act to confine instabilities meridionally, thus internally determining meridional wave scales. Once this internally determined meridional scale is taken into account, results correspond plausibly to classical results without a jet.

Consideration of the effect of such instabilities on the mean flow shows that they act to concentrate the jet barotropically while simultaneously reducing baroclinicity.

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