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Low-Frequency Atmospheric Oscillations over the Southeastern Pacific

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  • 1 Physics Department, Iowa Stage University, Ames, IA 50011
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Abstract

A 40–50 day atmospheric oscillation has recently been reported in the southeastern Pacific based on analyses of satelete-detived microwave brightness temperature data. Prior to this, such oscillations have not been generally recognized in this region. The purpose of this note is to provide corroboration of the microwave analyses from an independent dataset, four years of rawinsonde data from Faster Island (27°S, 109°W). Significant spectral peaks with period 45–53 days were found in the zonal wind near the jet core (300–200 mb) and in the temperature on the underside of the jet. The signal is also present in the 100 mb temperature as shown by strong coherence between 100 and 400 mb temperature perturbations. Direct comparison of the 100 mb temperature perturbations and the microwave data shows good agreement.

There is also an indication of a lower frequency signal, about 65–84 day period, in the meridional wind at 1000 mb. This signal appears to be vertically evanescent with maximum amplitude at the surface.

Abstract

A 40–50 day atmospheric oscillation has recently been reported in the southeastern Pacific based on analyses of satelete-detived microwave brightness temperature data. Prior to this, such oscillations have not been generally recognized in this region. The purpose of this note is to provide corroboration of the microwave analyses from an independent dataset, four years of rawinsonde data from Faster Island (27°S, 109°W). Significant spectral peaks with period 45–53 days were found in the zonal wind near the jet core (300–200 mb) and in the temperature on the underside of the jet. The signal is also present in the 100 mb temperature as shown by strong coherence between 100 and 400 mb temperature perturbations. Direct comparison of the 100 mb temperature perturbations and the microwave data shows good agreement.

There is also an indication of a lower frequency signal, about 65–84 day period, in the meridional wind at 1000 mb. This signal appears to be vertically evanescent with maximum amplitude at the surface.

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