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Influence of the Equatorial QBO on the Extratropical Stratosphere

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  • 1 Service d’Aéronomie, Verrières-le-Buisson, France
  • | 2 Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Cambridge University, Cambridge, United Kingdom
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Abstract

The work described here examines the influence of the equatorial quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) on the extratropics in a zonally truncated 3D mechanistic stratospheric model. Model results show that the extratropical response to the QBO depends critically on the phase alignment of the QBO with the annual cycle: the signal of extratropical response varies by a factor of 8 between the phase alignment that gives minimum response and that which gives maximum response. Model simulations in which the time and height structure of the QBO are varied suggest that, in this zonally truncated model, the equatorial height of 21–23 km is most influential for the extratropical response and that late autumn/early winter is the time at which the QBO has the most influence over the extratropical circulation. The correlation coefficient between the QBO (measured by zonal wind) and the extratropics (measured by zonal wind or potential temperature) is as high as 0.95. The correlation coefficient is largest for simulations with lower boundary wave forcing weaker than that which gives largest extratropical interannual variability. For stronger extratropical wave forcing, the correlation coefficient is slightly smaller, but the regression coefficient of the linear term in a least squares fit is significantly larger.

Corresponding author address: John Hampson, Service d’Aéronomie du CNRS, Reduit de Verrières, BP 3, 91371 Verrières-le-Buisson Cedex, France. Email: john.hampson@aerov.jussieu.fr

Abstract

The work described here examines the influence of the equatorial quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) on the extratropics in a zonally truncated 3D mechanistic stratospheric model. Model results show that the extratropical response to the QBO depends critically on the phase alignment of the QBO with the annual cycle: the signal of extratropical response varies by a factor of 8 between the phase alignment that gives minimum response and that which gives maximum response. Model simulations in which the time and height structure of the QBO are varied suggest that, in this zonally truncated model, the equatorial height of 21–23 km is most influential for the extratropical response and that late autumn/early winter is the time at which the QBO has the most influence over the extratropical circulation. The correlation coefficient between the QBO (measured by zonal wind) and the extratropics (measured by zonal wind or potential temperature) is as high as 0.95. The correlation coefficient is largest for simulations with lower boundary wave forcing weaker than that which gives largest extratropical interannual variability. For stronger extratropical wave forcing, the correlation coefficient is slightly smaller, but the regression coefficient of the linear term in a least squares fit is significantly larger.

Corresponding author address: John Hampson, Service d’Aéronomie du CNRS, Reduit de Verrières, BP 3, 91371 Verrières-le-Buisson Cedex, France. Email: john.hampson@aerov.jussieu.fr

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