• Ackerman, A., O. Toon, and P. Hobbs, 1995: A model for particle microphysics, turbulent mixing, and radiative transfer in the stratocumulus-topped marine boundary layer and comparisons with measurements. J. Atmos. Sci., 52 , 12041236.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bohren, C., and D. Huffman, 1983: Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles. Wiley, 530 pp.

  • Cadle, R., 1966: Particles in the Atmosphere and Space. Reinhold, 226 pp.

  • Chuang, P., R. Charlson, and J. Seinfeld, 1997: Kinetic limitations on droplet formation in clouds. Nature, 390 , 594596.

  • Davidovits, P., and Coauthors, 2004: Mass accommodation coefficient of water vapor on liquid water. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31 .L22111, doi:10.1029/2004GL020835.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Duft, D., H. Lebius, B. Huber, C. Guet, and T. Leisner, 2002: Shape oscillations and stability of charged microdroplets. Phys. Rev. Lett., 89 .doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.084503.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Feingold, G., and P. Chuang, 2002: Analysis of the influence of film-forming compounds on droplet growth: Implications for cloud microphysical processes and climate. J. Atmos. Sci., 59 , 20062018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Friedlander, S., 2000: Smoke, Dust, and Haze: Fundamentals of Aerosol Dynamics. Oxford University Press, 407 pp.

  • Fuchs, N., 1959: Evaporation and Droplet Growth in Gaseous Media. Pergamon Press, 72 pp.

  • Gamero-Castaño, M., 2002: Electric-field-induced ion evaporation from dielectric liquid. Phys. Rev. Lett., 89 .doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.89.147602.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gollub, J., I. Chabay, and W. Flygare, 1974: Laser heterodyne study of water droplet growth. J. Chem. Phys., 61 , 21392144.

  • Grimm, R., and J. Beauchamp, 2002: Evaporation and discharge dynamics of highly charged droplets of heptane, octane, and p-xylene generated by electrospray ionization. Anal. Chem., 74 , 62916297.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hagen, D., J. Schmitt, M. Trublood, J. Carstens, D. White, and D. Alofs, 1989: Condensation coefficient measurement for water in the UMR cloud simulation chamber. J. Atmos. Sci., 46 , 803816.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hall, W., and H. Pruppacher, 1976: The survival of ice particles falling from cirrus clouds in subsaturated air. J. Atmos. Sci., 33 , 19952006.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Harvey, A., J. Gallagher, and J. Levelt Sangers, 1998: Revised formulation for the refractive index of water and steam as function of wavelength, temperature and density. J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 27 , 761775.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam, 1992: Revised supplementary release on saturation properties of ordinary water substance IAPWS Tech. Rep., 7 pp.

  • International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam, 1994: IAPWS release on surface tension of ordinary water substance IAPWS Tech. Rep., 4 pp.

  • International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam, 1998: Revised release on the IAPS formulation 1985 for the thermal conductivity of ordinary water substance IAPWS Tech. Rep., 23 pp.

  • Jakubczyk, D., M. Zientara, W. Bazhan, M. Kolwas, and K. Kolwas, 2001: A device for light scatterometry on single levitated droplets. Opto-Electron. Rev., 9 , 423430.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jakubczyk, D., G. Derkachov, W. Bazhan, E. Łusakowska, K. Kolwas, and M. Kolwas, 2004a: Study of microscopic properties of water fullerene suspensions by means of resonant light scattering analysis. J. Phys., 37D , 29182924.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jakubczyk, D., G. Derkachov, M. Zientara, M. Kolwas, and K. Kolwas, 2004b: Local-field resonance in light scattering by a single water droplet with spherical dielectric inclusions. J. Opt. Soc. Amer., 21A , 23202323.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jamieson, D., 1964: Condensation coefficient of water. Nature, 202 , 583.

  • Kozyrev, A., and A. Sitnikov, 2001: Evaporation of a spherical drop in a middle pressure gas. Usp. Fiz. Nauk, 171 , 765774.

  • Kulmala, M., A. Lauri, H. Vehkamalki, A. Laaksonen, D. Petersen, and P. Wagner, 2001: Strange predictions by binary heterogeneous nucleation theory compared with a quantitative experiment. J. Phys. Chem., 105B , 1180011808.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Laaksonen, A., T. Vesala, M. Kulmala, P. Winkler, and P. Wagner, 2004: On cloud modelling and the mass accommodation coefficient of water. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 4 , 72817290.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lee, E., and M. Perl, 1999: Universal fluid droplet ejector U.S. Patent No. 5943075. [Available online at http://www.uspto.gov/patft/index.html.].

  • Li, Y., P. Davidovits, Q. Shi, J. Jayne, C. Kolb, and D. Worsnop, 2001: Mass and thermal accommodation coefficients of H2O (g) on liquid water as function of temperature. J. Phys. Chem., 105A , 1062710634.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Loscertales, I., and J. de la Mora, 1995: Experiments on the kinetics of field evaporation of small ions from droplets. J. Chem. Phys., 103 , 50415060.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Marek, R., and J. Straub, 2001: Analysis of the evaporation coefficient and the condensation coefficient of water. Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 44 , 3953.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McFiggans, G., and Coauthors, 2005: The effect of physical and chemical aerosol properties on warm cloud droplet activation. Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 5 , 85078646.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Paul, W., 1990: Electromagnetic traps for charged and neutral particles. Rev. Mod. Phys., 62 , 531540.

  • Perkins, R., H. Roder, D. Friend, and C. Nieto de Castro, 1991: The thermal conductivity and heat capacity of fluid nitrogen. Physica A, 173 , 332362.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pruppacher, H., and J. Klett, 1997: Microphysics of Clouds and Precipitation. Kluwer Academic, 954 pp.

  • Sageev, G., R. Flagan, J. Seinfeld, and S. Arnold, 1986: Condensation of water on aqueous droplets in the transition regime. Colloid Interface Sci., 113 , 421429.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sazhin, S., 2005: Modelling of heating, evaporation and ignition of fuel droplets: Combined analytical, asymptotic and numerical analysis. J. Phys. Conf. Ser., 22 , 174193.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shaw, R., and D. Lamb, 1999: Experimental determination of the thermal accommodation and condensation coefficients of water. J. Chem. Phys., 111 , 1065910663.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shi, Q., P. Davidovits, J. Jayne, D. Worsnop, and C. Kolb, 1999: Uptake of gas-phase ammonia. 1: Uptake by aqueous surfaces as a function of pH. J. Phys. Chem., 103A , 88128823.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Snider, J., S. Guibert, J-L. Brenguier, and J-P. Putaud, 2003: Aerosol activation in marine stratocumulus clouds. 2: Köhler and parcel theory closure studies. J. Geophys. Res., 108 .8629, doi:10.1029/2002JD002692.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vieceli, J., M. Roeselová, and D. Tobias, 2004: Accommodation coefficients for water vapor at the air/water interface. Chem. Phys. Lett., 393 , 249255.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ward, C., and G. Fang, 1999: Expression for predicting liquid evaporation flux: Statistical rate theory approach. Phys. Rev. E, 59 , 429440.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Winkler, P., A. Vrtala, P. Wagner, M. Kulmala, K. Lehtinen, and T. Vesala, 2004: Mass and thermal accommodation during gas–liquid condensation of water. Phys. Rev. Lett., 93 .07 570, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.93.075701.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Xue, H., A. Moyle, N. Magee, J. Harrington, and D. Lamb, 2005: Experimental studies of droplet evaporation kinetics: Validation of models for binary and ternary aqueous solutions. J. Atmos. Sci., 62 , 43104326.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zagaynow, V., V. Nuzhny, T. Cheeusova, and A. Lushnikov, 2000: Evaporation of water droplet and condensation coefficient: Theory and experiment. J. Aerosol Sci., 31 , (Suppl. 1). S795S796.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ziebland, H., and J. Burton, 1958: The thermal conductivity of nitrogen and argon in the liquid and gaseous state. Br. J. Appl. Phys., 9 , 5259.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zientara, M., D. Jakubczyk, G. Derkachov, K. Kolwas, and M. Kolwas, 2005: Simultaneous determination of mass and thermal accommodation coefficients from temporal evolution of an evaporating water microdroplet. J. Phys., 38D , 19781983.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zoltan, S., 1972: Pulsed droplet ejecting system U.S. Patent No. 3683212. [Available online at http://www.uspto.gov/patft/index.html.].

  • Zou, Y., and N. Fukuta, 1999: The effect of diffusion kinetics on the supersaturation in clouds. Atmos. Res., 52 , 115141.

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 580 239 11
PDF Downloads 478 208 11

Temperature Dependence of Evaporation Coefficient for Water Measured in Droplets in Nitrogen under Atmospheric Pressure

View More View Less
  • 1 Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Restricted access

Abstract

The evaporation and the thermal accommodation coefficients for water in nitrogen were investigated by means of the analysis of evaporation of pure water droplet as a function of temperature. The droplet was levitated in an electrodynamic trap placed in a climatic chamber. The levitation time was in the range of seconds, which corresponds to the characteristic time scales of cloud droplet growth. Droplet radius evolution and evaporation dynamics were studied as a function of temperature, by analyzing the angle-resolved light scattering Mie interference patterns. A model of droplet evolution, accounting for the kinetic effects near the droplet surface, was applied. The evaporation coefficient for the temperature range from 273.6 to 298.3 K was found to be between 0.054 and 0.12 with a minimum of 0.036 ± 0.015 seemingly coinciding with water maximum density at 277.1 K. The average value of thermal accommodation coefficient over the temperature range from 277 to 289 K was found to be 0.7 ± 0.2.

Corresponding author address: D. Jakubczyk, Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, AI. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland. Email: jakub@ifpan.edu.pl

Abstract

The evaporation and the thermal accommodation coefficients for water in nitrogen were investigated by means of the analysis of evaporation of pure water droplet as a function of temperature. The droplet was levitated in an electrodynamic trap placed in a climatic chamber. The levitation time was in the range of seconds, which corresponds to the characteristic time scales of cloud droplet growth. Droplet radius evolution and evaporation dynamics were studied as a function of temperature, by analyzing the angle-resolved light scattering Mie interference patterns. A model of droplet evolution, accounting for the kinetic effects near the droplet surface, was applied. The evaporation coefficient for the temperature range from 273.6 to 298.3 K was found to be between 0.054 and 0.12 with a minimum of 0.036 ± 0.015 seemingly coinciding with water maximum density at 277.1 K. The average value of thermal accommodation coefficient over the temperature range from 277 to 289 K was found to be 0.7 ± 0.2.

Corresponding author address: D. Jakubczyk, Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, AI. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland. Email: jakub@ifpan.edu.pl

Save