A Practical Method for Estimating Rainfall Rate Frequencies Directly from Climatic Data

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  • 1 The Martin Company, Baltimore, Maryland
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In evaluating the environmental limitations on microwave signal transmission, it was necessary to determine the occurrence of rainfall rates for a number of regions in different parts of the world. Clock-hourly precipitation data were used where available. Where these data were not available, a known empirical technique was employed which correlates clock-hourly rainfall at individual rates to a climatological index. This index uses parameters which are almost universally obtainable—namely, mean annual rainfall and number of days with measurable rain. In the course of this work, the authors found a more general relation between clock-hourly rainfall rate frequencies and the climatological index. Using this relation, rainfall frequencies at any rate are obtained directly from a linear equation and two nomograms. It is also possible to synthesize the complete frequency distribution of rainfall rates and obtain, as a check, the mean annual rainfall. Examples, supplemented by illustrations, are given in the development of this technique and its utilization.

In evaluating the environmental limitations on microwave signal transmission, it was necessary to determine the occurrence of rainfall rates for a number of regions in different parts of the world. Clock-hourly precipitation data were used where available. Where these data were not available, a known empirical technique was employed which correlates clock-hourly rainfall at individual rates to a climatological index. This index uses parameters which are almost universally obtainable—namely, mean annual rainfall and number of days with measurable rain. In the course of this work, the authors found a more general relation between clock-hourly rainfall rate frequencies and the climatological index. Using this relation, rainfall frequencies at any rate are obtained directly from a linear equation and two nomograms. It is also possible to synthesize the complete frequency distribution of rainfall rates and obtain, as a check, the mean annual rainfall. Examples, supplemented by illustrations, are given in the development of this technique and its utilization.

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