The United States' Next Generation of Atmospheric Composition and Coastal Ecosystem Measurements: NASA's Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) Mission

J. Fishman Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri

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L. T. Iraci NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California

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J. Al-Saadi NASA, Washington, D.C., and NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia

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K. Chance Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts

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F. Chavez Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California

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M. Chin NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

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P. Coble University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida

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C. Davis Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon

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P. M. DiGiacomo NOAA/NESDIS/Center for Satellite Applications and Research, Camp Springs, Maryland

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D. Edwards National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

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A. Eldering Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

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J. Goes Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

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J. Herman NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

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C. Hu University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida

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D. J. Jacob Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

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C. Jordan University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire

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S. R. Kawa NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

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R. Key Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

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X. Liu Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts

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S. Lohrenz University of Southern Mississippi, Department of Marine Science, Stennis Space Center, Mississippi

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A. Mannino NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

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V. Natraj Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

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D. Neil NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia

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J. Neu Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

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M. Newchurch University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, Alabama

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K. Pickering NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

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J. Salisbury University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire

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H. Sosik Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts

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A. Subramaniam Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

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M. Tzortziou University of Maryland, Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, College Park, Maryland, and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

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J. Wang University of Nebraska–Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska

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M. Wang NOAA/NESDIS/Center for Satellite Applications and Research, Camp Springs, Maryland

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The Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission was recommended by the National Research Council's (NRC's) Earth Science Decadal Survey to measure tropospheric trace gases and aerosols and coastal ocean phytoplankton, water quality, and biogeochemistry from geostationary orbit, providing continuous observations within the field of view. To fulfill the mandate and address the challenge put forth by the NRC, two GEO-CAPE Science Working Groups (SWGs), representing the atmospheric composition and ocean color disciplines, have developed realistic science objectives using input drawn from several community workshops. The GEO-CAPE mission will take advantage of this revolutionary advance in temporal frequency for both of these disciplines. Multiple observations per day are required to explore the physical, chemical, and dynamical processes that determine tropospheric composition and air quality over spatial scales ranging from urban to continental, and over temporal scales ranging from diurnal to seasonal. Likewise, high-frequency satellite observations are critical to studying and quantifying biological, chemical, and physical processes within the coastal ocean. These observations are to be achieved from a vantage point near 95°–100°W, providing a complete view of North America as well as the adjacent oceans. The SWGs have also endorsed the concept of phased implementation using commercial satellites to reduce mission risk and cost. GEO-CAPE will join the global constellation of geostationary atmospheric chemistry and coastal ocean color sensors planned to be in orbit in the 2020 time frame.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Dr. Jack Fishman, Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Saint Louis University, 300-F O'Neil Hall, 3642 Lindell Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63108, E-mail: jfishma2@slu.edu

The Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission was recommended by the National Research Council's (NRC's) Earth Science Decadal Survey to measure tropospheric trace gases and aerosols and coastal ocean phytoplankton, water quality, and biogeochemistry from geostationary orbit, providing continuous observations within the field of view. To fulfill the mandate and address the challenge put forth by the NRC, two GEO-CAPE Science Working Groups (SWGs), representing the atmospheric composition and ocean color disciplines, have developed realistic science objectives using input drawn from several community workshops. The GEO-CAPE mission will take advantage of this revolutionary advance in temporal frequency for both of these disciplines. Multiple observations per day are required to explore the physical, chemical, and dynamical processes that determine tropospheric composition and air quality over spatial scales ranging from urban to continental, and over temporal scales ranging from diurnal to seasonal. Likewise, high-frequency satellite observations are critical to studying and quantifying biological, chemical, and physical processes within the coastal ocean. These observations are to be achieved from a vantage point near 95°–100°W, providing a complete view of North America as well as the adjacent oceans. The SWGs have also endorsed the concept of phased implementation using commercial satellites to reduce mission risk and cost. GEO-CAPE will join the global constellation of geostationary atmospheric chemistry and coastal ocean color sensors planned to be in orbit in the 2020 time frame.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Dr. Jack Fishman, Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Saint Louis University, 300-F O'Neil Hall, 3642 Lindell Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63108, E-mail: jfishma2@slu.edu
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