SURF: Understanding and Predicting Urban Convection and Haze

X. Liang Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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S. Miao Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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J. Li Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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R. Bornstein Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China, and San Jose State University, San Jose, California

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X. Zhang School of Atmospheric Sciences, Plateau Atmosphere and Environment Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu, China, and Environmental Meteorology Forecast Center of Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei, Beijing

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Y. Gao Beijing Weather Modification Office, Beijing, China

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F. Chen National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

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X. Cao Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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Z. Cheng Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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C. Clements San Jose State University, San Jose, California

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W. Dabberdt Vaisala Group, Boulder, Colorado

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A. Ding Nanjing University, Nanjing, China

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D. Ding Beijing Weather Modification Office, Beijing, China

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J. J. Dou Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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J. X. Dou Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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Y. Dou Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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C. S. B. Grimmond University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom

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J. E. González-Cruz City College of the City University of New York, New York, New York

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J. He Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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M. Huang Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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X. Huang Nanjing University, Nanjing, China

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S. Ju Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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Q. Li Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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D. Niyogi Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana

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J. Quan Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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J. Sun National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

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J. Z. Sun National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

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M. Yu Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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J. Zhang Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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Y. Zhang Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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X. Zhao Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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Z. Zheng Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing, China

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M. Zhou National Marine Environment Forecast Center, Beijing, China

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Abstract

Urbanization modifies atmospheric energy and moisture balances, forming distinct features [e.g., urban heat islands (UHIs) and enhanced or decreased precipitation]. These produce significant challenges to science and society, including rapid and intense flooding, heat waves strengthened by UHIs, and air pollutant haze. The Study of Urban Impacts on Rainfall and Fog/Haze (SURF) has brought together international expertise on observations and modeling, meteorology and atmospheric chemistry, and research and operational forecasting. The SURF overall science objective is a better understanding of urban, terrain, convection, and aerosol interactions for improved forecast accuracy. Specific objectives include a) promoting cooperative international research to improve understanding of urban summer convective precipitation and winter particulate episodes via extensive field studies, b) improving high-resolution urban weather and air quality forecast models, and c) enhancing urban weather forecasts for societal applications (e.g., health, energy, hydrologic, climate change, air quality, planning, and emergency response management). Preliminary SURF observational and modeling results are shown (i.e., turbulent PBL structure, bifurcating thunderstorms, haze events, urban canopy model development, and model forecast evaluation).

© 2018 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

CURRENT AFFILIATION: State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Shiguang Miao, sgmiao@ium.cn

A supplement to this article is available online (10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0178.2).

Abstract

Urbanization modifies atmospheric energy and moisture balances, forming distinct features [e.g., urban heat islands (UHIs) and enhanced or decreased precipitation]. These produce significant challenges to science and society, including rapid and intense flooding, heat waves strengthened by UHIs, and air pollutant haze. The Study of Urban Impacts on Rainfall and Fog/Haze (SURF) has brought together international expertise on observations and modeling, meteorology and atmospheric chemistry, and research and operational forecasting. The SURF overall science objective is a better understanding of urban, terrain, convection, and aerosol interactions for improved forecast accuracy. Specific objectives include a) promoting cooperative international research to improve understanding of urban summer convective precipitation and winter particulate episodes via extensive field studies, b) improving high-resolution urban weather and air quality forecast models, and c) enhancing urban weather forecasts for societal applications (e.g., health, energy, hydrologic, climate change, air quality, planning, and emergency response management). Preliminary SURF observational and modeling results are shown (i.e., turbulent PBL structure, bifurcating thunderstorms, haze events, urban canopy model development, and model forecast evaluation).

© 2018 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

CURRENT AFFILIATION: State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Shiguang Miao, sgmiao@ium.cn

A supplement to this article is available online (10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0178.2).

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