• Central Meteorological Bureau, 1979: Standard on the Surface Meteorological Observation (in Chinese). China Meteorological Press, 186 pp.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chen, L-X., , W. Zhu, , W. Wang, , X-J. Zhou, , and W-L. Li, 1998: Studies on climate change in China in recent 45 years (in Chinese). Acta Meteor. Sin., 56 , 257266.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chen, S-J., , Y-H. Kuo, , P-Z. Zhang, , and Q-F. Bai, 1992: Climatology of explosive cyclones of the East Asia coast. Mon. Wea. Rev., 120 , 30193035.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Danielsen, E., 1973: Cyclogenesis in the Gulf of Genoa. Proc. Summer School on Mesoscale Meteorological Phenomena, Venice, Italy, Laboratory for the Study of Dynamics of Large Masses, 189–192.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Goudie, A., 1983: Dust storms in space and time. Prog. Phys. Geogr., 7 , 502530.

  • Goudie, A., , and N. J. Middleton, 1992: The changing frequency of dust storms through time. Climatic Change, 20 , 197225.

  • Fang, Z-Y., , F-K. Zhu, , J. X. Jiang, , and Z. A. Qian, Eds.,. 1997: Study on the Dust Storm in China (in Chinese). China Meteorological Press, 158 pp.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Idso, S., 1974: Thermal blanketing: A case for aerosol-induced climatic alteration. Science, 186 , 5051.

  • Idso, S., , and A. Brazel, 1977: Planetary radiation balance as a function of atmospheric dust: Climatological consequences. Science, 198 , 731733.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Iwasaka, Y., , H. Minoura, , and K. Nagaya, 1983: The transport and special scale of Asian dust-storm clouds: A case study of the dust-storm event of April 1979. Tellus, 35B , 189196.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Littmann, T., 1991: Dust storm frequency in Asia: Climatic control and variability. Int. J. Climatol., 11 , 393412.

  • Littmann, T., , and J. Steinrucke, 1989: Atmospheric boundary conditions of recent Saharan dust influx into Central Europe. GeoJournal, 18 , 399406.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Liu, T-S., , X-F. Gu, , Z-S. An, , and Y-X. Fan, 1981: The dust fall in Beijing, China, on April 18, 1980. Desert Dust, T. L. Pewe, Ed., Geological Society of America Special Paper 186, 149–157.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lydolph, P., 1977: Climates of the Soviet Union. World Survey of Climatology, H. E. Landsberg, Ed., Vol. 7, Elsevier, 443 pp.

  • Nicholls, N., , G. V. Gruza, , J. Jouzel, , T. R. Karl, , L. A. Ogallo, , and D. E. Parker, 1996: Observed climate variability and change. Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change, J. T. Houghton et al., Eds., Cambridge University Press, 133–192.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Petterssen, S., 1956: Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Vol. 1. 2d ed. McGraw-Hill, 422 pp.

  • Pye, K., 1987: Aeolian Dust and Dust Deposits. Academic Press, 334 pp.

  • Qian, L. Q., Ed.,. 1991: Climate on the Loess Plateau in China (in Chinese). China Meteorological Press, 369 pp.

  • Qian, W. H., , and Y-F. Zhu, 2001: Climate change in China from 1880 to 1998 and its impact on the environmental condition. Climatic Change, 50 , 419444.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Qian, Z. A., , H. X. He, , Z. Zhai, , and M. L. Chen, 1997: Grading standard and case statistics of dust storm in northwestern China. Study on the Duststorm in China (in Chinese), Z.-Y. Fang et al., Eds., China Meteorological Press, 1–10.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shanxi Meteorological Observation, 1997: Climatic characteristic and forecasting of spring duststorm in the northern Shanxi Province. Study on the Duststorm in China (in Chinese), Z.-Y. Fang et al., Eds., China Meteorological Press, 22–26.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wang, S-G., , Z-B. Yang, , M-Z. Meng, , and W. Zhang, 1997: Structure and formation analysis of the “black storm” on May 5 1993 in Gansu Province. Study on the Duststorm in China (in Chinese), Z.-Y. Fang et al., Eds., China Meteorological Press, 62–64.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Watts, I., 1969: Climates of China and Korea. Climates of Northern and Eastern Asia, World Survey of Climatology, H. Arakawa, Ed., Vol. 8, Elsevier, 1–118.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Xu, G-C., , M-L. Chen, , and G-X. Wu, 1979: On an extraordinary heavy sandstorm on April 22nd in Gansu (in Chinese). Acta Meteor. Sin., 37 , 2635.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Xu, Q-Y., , and J-S. Hu, 1997: Spatial-temporal characteristic analysis of dust weather in northwestern China. Study on the Duststorm in China (in Chinese), Z.-Y. Fang et al., Eds., China Meteorological Press, 11–15.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Yang, D-Z., , C. Wang, , Y. Wen, , X. Yu, , and X. Xiu, 1995: An analysis of two sandstorms in spring 1990 (in Chinese). Quart. J. Appl. Meteor., 6 , 1826.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Yang, D-Z., , C. Wang, , P. Yan, , X-L. Yu, , and X. S. Li, 1997: Discussion on the resource and transforming deposition of dust storm in spring. Study on the Duststorm in China (in Chinese), Z.-Y. Fang et al., Eds., China Meteorological Press, 11–15.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ye, D-Z., , J. F. Chou, , J. Y. Liu, , Z-X. Zhang, , Y. M. Wang, , Z-J. Zhou, , H-B. Ju, , and Q. Huang, 2000: Causes of sand-stormy weather in northern China and control measures (in Chinese). Acta Geogr. Sin., 55 , 513521.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zhang, D-E., 1984: Climatic analysis of the dust storm weather in Chinese history. Sci China Ser. B, 3 , 278288.

  • Zhang, T-R., 1997: Discussion on the cause and forecasting method of the “black storm” in northwest China. Study on the Duststorm in China (in Chinese), Z.-Y. Fang et al., Eds., China Meteorological Press, 70–74.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zheng, X-J., , and Y-M. Zhao, 1997: Distribution and cloud-map analysis of duststorm in northwestern China. Study on the Duststorm in China (in Chinese), Z.-Y. Fang et al., Eds., China Meteorological Press, 92–97.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zhu, Q. G., , J. R. Lin, , and S. W. Shou, 1981: Principles and Methods in Synoptic Meteorology (in Chinese). China Meteorological Press, 535 pp.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 512 512 62
PDF Downloads 327 327 52

Variations of the Dust Storm in China and its Climatic Control

View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China
  • | 2 CAAC Shandong Administration Bureau, Jinan, China
  • | 3 Beijing Meteorological Bureau, Beijing, China
© Get Permissions
Restricted access

Abstract

In previous studies, limited meteorological observations were used to investigate the temporal–spatial changes of dust storms in China. Here, the authors use the daily 850-hPa geopotential height of NCEP–NCAR reanalysis for 1948–99 to examine the vortex fluctuations, which represent daily cyclone activity in east Asia. They also use the 1000-hPa air temperature data to explain the decadal change of the cyclone activity. In addition, the grid cyclone frequency for 1948–99 and the temperature and precipitation for 1950–98 are used to calculate the correlation with the dust weather frequency (for 1954–98) in China.

Results show that the interannual variability and long-term trend among dust storm frequency, dust weather frequency, air temperature, and cyclone frequency exist in northern China. In the eastern part of China, the frequencies of dust storms and dust weather in the 1950s–70s were about twice that after the mid-1980s. The reason for this feature may be due to the warming in Mongolia and cooling in northern China that reduced the meridional temperature gradient, resulting in the reduced cyclone frequency in northern China. In the Tarim Basin, the high-frequency dust storms have been attributed to less precipitation and to the arid-heating climate.

The frequency of dust storms (dust weather) is strongly related to the low air temperature in the prior winter season and the high-frequency cyclone activity in the spring season for most parts of eastern China. Based on this relationship, an index describing the dust weather (dust storm) frequency has been formulated. This index can well calibrate the variability of dust weather (dust storms) in northern China, except for the Xinjiang region in far northwest China.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Weihong Qian, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Email: qianwh@pku.edu.cn

Abstract

In previous studies, limited meteorological observations were used to investigate the temporal–spatial changes of dust storms in China. Here, the authors use the daily 850-hPa geopotential height of NCEP–NCAR reanalysis for 1948–99 to examine the vortex fluctuations, which represent daily cyclone activity in east Asia. They also use the 1000-hPa air temperature data to explain the decadal change of the cyclone activity. In addition, the grid cyclone frequency for 1948–99 and the temperature and precipitation for 1950–98 are used to calculate the correlation with the dust weather frequency (for 1954–98) in China.

Results show that the interannual variability and long-term trend among dust storm frequency, dust weather frequency, air temperature, and cyclone frequency exist in northern China. In the eastern part of China, the frequencies of dust storms and dust weather in the 1950s–70s were about twice that after the mid-1980s. The reason for this feature may be due to the warming in Mongolia and cooling in northern China that reduced the meridional temperature gradient, resulting in the reduced cyclone frequency in northern China. In the Tarim Basin, the high-frequency dust storms have been attributed to less precipitation and to the arid-heating climate.

The frequency of dust storms (dust weather) is strongly related to the low air temperature in the prior winter season and the high-frequency cyclone activity in the spring season for most parts of eastern China. Based on this relationship, an index describing the dust weather (dust storm) frequency has been formulated. This index can well calibrate the variability of dust weather (dust storms) in northern China, except for the Xinjiang region in far northwest China.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Weihong Qian, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. Email: qianwh@pku.edu.cn

Save