Pre-1872 Extension of the Japanese Instrumental Meteorological Observation Series back to 1819

G. P. Können Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, Netherlands

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M. Zaiki Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan

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A. P. M. Baede Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), De Bilt, Netherlands

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T. Mikami Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan

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P. D. Jones Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, United Kingdom

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T. Tsukahara History and Philosophy of Science, Technology and Medicine, Kobe University, Kobe-shi, Japan

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Abstract

Instrumental observations from Dejima (Nagasaki), Japan, taken under the responsibility of the Dutch, covering the periods 1819–28, 1845–58, and 1871–78, have been recovered. The Dejima series overlaps by six months the modern Nagasaki Observatory series, which covers 1878–present. The recovered data extend the start of the instrumental Japanese series back from 1872 to 1819, leaving major gaps during 1829–44 and 1859–71.

Corresponding author address: Dr. G. P. Können, KNMI, P.O. Box 201, 3730 AE De Bilt, Netherlands. Email: konnen@knmi.nl

Abstract

Instrumental observations from Dejima (Nagasaki), Japan, taken under the responsibility of the Dutch, covering the periods 1819–28, 1845–58, and 1871–78, have been recovered. The Dejima series overlaps by six months the modern Nagasaki Observatory series, which covers 1878–present. The recovered data extend the start of the instrumental Japanese series back from 1872 to 1819, leaving major gaps during 1829–44 and 1859–71.

Corresponding author address: Dr. G. P. Können, KNMI, P.O. Box 201, 3730 AE De Bilt, Netherlands. Email: konnen@knmi.nl

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