• Alexander, M. A., , C. Deser, , and M. S. Timlin, 1999: The re-emergence of SST anomalies in the North Pacific Ocean. J. Climate, 12 , 24192431.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Alexander, M. A., , I. Bladé, , M. Newman, , J. R. Lanzante, , N-C. Lau, , and J. D. Scott, 2002: The atmospheric bridge: The influence of ENSO teleconnections on air–sea interaction over the global oceans. J. Climate, 15 , 22052231.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Barlow, M., , S. Nigam, , and E. H. Berbery, 2001: ENSO, Pacific decadal variability, and U.S. summertime precipitation, drought, and streamflow. J. Climate, 14 , 21052128.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Biondi, F., , A. Gershunov, , and D. R. Cayan, 2001: North Pacific decadal climate variability since 1661. J. Climate, 14 , 510.

  • D’Arrigo, R., , R. Villalba, , and G. Wiles, 2001: Tree-ring estimates of Pacific decadal climate variability. Climate Dyn., 18 , 219224.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Deser, C., , M. A. Alexander, , and M. S. Timlin, 2003: Understanding the persistence of sea surface temperature anomalies in midlatitudes. J. Climate, 16 , 5772.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Evans, M. N., , M. A. Cane, , D. P. Schrag, , A. Kaplan, , B. K. Linsley, , R. Villalba, , and G. M. Wellington, 2001: Support for tropically-driven Pacific decadal variability based on paleoproxy evidence. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28 , 36893692.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Frankignoul, C., , and K. Hasselmann, 1977: Stochastic climate models. Part II: Application to sea-surface temperature anomalies and thermocline variability. Tellus, 29 , 284305.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fritts, H. C., 1976: Tree Rings and Climate. Academic Press, 567 pp.

  • Gershunov, A., , and T. P. Barnett, 1998: Interdecadal modulation of ENSO teleconnections. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 79 , 27152725.

  • Huang, J., , H. M. Van den Dool, , and K. P. Georgakakos, 1996: Analysis of model-calculated soil moisture over the United States (1931–1993) and applications to long-range temperature forecasts. J. Climate, 9 , 13501362.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Livezey, R. E., , and T. M. Smith, 1999: Covariability of aspects of North American climate with global sea surface temperatures on interannual to interdecadal timescales. J. Climate, 12 , 289302.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mantua, N. J., , S. R. Hare, , Y. Zhang, , J. M. Wallace, , and R. Francis, 1997: A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 78 , 10691079.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rayner, N. A., , D. E. Parker, , E. B. Horton, , C. K. Folland, , L. V. Alexander, , D. P. Rowell, , E. C. Kent, , and A. Kaplan, 2003: Global analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century. J. Geophys. Res., 108 .4407, doi:10.1029/2002JD002670.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, T. M., , R. W. Reynolds, , R. E. Livezey, , and D. C. Stokes, 1996: Reconstruction of historical sea surface temperatures using empirical orthogonal functions. J. Climate, 9 , 14031420.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Torrence, C., , and G. P. Compo, 1998: A practical guide to wavelet analysis. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 79 , 6178.

  • Torrence, C., , and P. J. Webster, 1998: The annual cycle of persistence in the El Niño–Southern Oscillation. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 124 , 19852004.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Torrence, C., , and P. J. Webster, 1999: Interdecadal changes in the ENSO-monsoon system. J. Climate, 12 , 26792690.

  • Trenberth, K., , and J. Hurrell, 1994: Decadal atmosphere–ocean variations in the Pacific. Climate Dyn., 9 , 303319.

  • Zhang, Y., , J. M. Wallace, , and D. S. Battisti, 1997: ENSO-like interdecadal variability. J. Climate, 10 , 10041020.

  • Zhang, Y., , J. R. Norris, , and J. M. Wallace, 1998: Seasonality of large-scale atmosphere–ocean interaction over the North Pacific. J. Climate, 11 , 24732481.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 970 970 82
PDF Downloads 658 658 40

ENSO-Forced Variability of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation

View More View Less
  • 1 NOAA–CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado
© Get Permissions Rent on DeepDyve
Restricted access

Abstract

Variability of the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO), on both interannual and decadal timescales, is well modeled as the sum of direct forcing by El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the “reemergence” of North Pacific sea surface temperature anomalies in subsequent winters, and white noise atmospheric forcing. This simple model may be taken as a null hypothesis for the PDO, and may also be relevant for other climate integrators that have been previously related to the PDO.

Corresponding author address: Matthew Newman, NOAA–CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center, Mail Code R/CDC, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80303-3328. Email: matt.newman@noaa.gov

Abstract

Variability of the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO), on both interannual and decadal timescales, is well modeled as the sum of direct forcing by El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the “reemergence” of North Pacific sea surface temperature anomalies in subsequent winters, and white noise atmospheric forcing. This simple model may be taken as a null hypothesis for the PDO, and may also be relevant for other climate integrators that have been previously related to the PDO.

Corresponding author address: Matthew Newman, NOAA–CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center, Mail Code R/CDC, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80303-3328. Email: matt.newman@noaa.gov

Save