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The Impact of the Eastern Mediterranean Teleconnection Pattern on the Mediterranean Climate

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  • 1 Department of Environmental Physics-Meteorology, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
  • | 2 Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development, National Observatory of Athens, Athens, Greece
  • | 3 Department of Meteorology and Climatology, University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
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Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of the eastern Mediterranean teleconnection pattern (EMP) on the present and future climate of the eastern Mediterranean during winter. For the present climate, daily precipitation and maximum and minimum surface temperature station data are employed for the period of 1958–2003. For the future climate, datasets of the same parameters are derived from the Hadley Centre Regional Climatic Model (HadRM3P) for the period of 2070–2100, using two Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) emission scenarios for the evolvement of the future atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. The investigation of the impact was based on the regularized canonical correlation analysis (RCCA), while qualitative estimations were performed for each phase of the pattern. It was found that the pattern indeed affects the mean winter patterns of temperature, precipitation, and their extreme events with inverse impacts between the two phases. More specifically, a positive phase of EMP is associated with a decrease in temperatures and an increase in precipitation, while the opposite occurs during the negative phase of EMP. In the future, the present impact according to each phase persists and intensifies in most of the cases. However, results are quite different between the two scenarios, because of the different estimated future shift of the EMP poles.

Corresponding author address: Helena A. Flocas, Department of Environmental Physics-Meteorology, Faculty of Physics, Building PHYS-5, University of Athens, University Campus, 157 84 Athens, Greece. Email: efloca@phys.uoa.gr

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of the eastern Mediterranean teleconnection pattern (EMP) on the present and future climate of the eastern Mediterranean during winter. For the present climate, daily precipitation and maximum and minimum surface temperature station data are employed for the period of 1958–2003. For the future climate, datasets of the same parameters are derived from the Hadley Centre Regional Climatic Model (HadRM3P) for the period of 2070–2100, using two Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) emission scenarios for the evolvement of the future atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. The investigation of the impact was based on the regularized canonical correlation analysis (RCCA), while qualitative estimations were performed for each phase of the pattern. It was found that the pattern indeed affects the mean winter patterns of temperature, precipitation, and their extreme events with inverse impacts between the two phases. More specifically, a positive phase of EMP is associated with a decrease in temperatures and an increase in precipitation, while the opposite occurs during the negative phase of EMP. In the future, the present impact according to each phase persists and intensifies in most of the cases. However, results are quite different between the two scenarios, because of the different estimated future shift of the EMP poles.

Corresponding author address: Helena A. Flocas, Department of Environmental Physics-Meteorology, Faculty of Physics, Building PHYS-5, University of Athens, University Campus, 157 84 Athens, Greece. Email: efloca@phys.uoa.gr

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