• Alexander, M. A., , U. S. Bhatt, , J. E. Walsh, , M. S. Timlin, , J. S. Miller, , and J. D. Scott, 2004: The atmospheric response to realistic Arctic sea ice anomalies in an AGCM during winter. J. Climate, 17, 890905.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Balmaseda, M. A., , L. Ferranti, , F. Molteni, , and T. N. Palmer, 2010: Impact of 2007 and 2008 Arctic ice anomalies on the atmospheric circulation: Implications for long-range predictions. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 136, 16551664.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cassou, C., , L. Terray, , J. W. Hurrell, , and C. Deser, 2004: North Atlantic winter climate regimes: Spatial asymmetry, stationarity with time, and oceanic forcing. J. Climate, 17, 10551068.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chen, M., , P. Xie, , J. E. Janowiak, , and P. A. Arkin, 2002: Global land precipitation: A 50-yr monthly analysis based on gauge observations. J. Hydrometeor., 3, 249266.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Deser, C., , and M. Blackmon, 1993: Surface climate variations over the North Atlantic Ocean during winter: 1900–1989. J. Climate, 6, 17431753.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Deser, C., , M. Holland, , G. Reverdin, , and M. Timlin, 2002: Decadal variations in Labrador sea ice cover and North Atlantic sea surface temperature. J. Geophys. Res., 107 (C5), doi:10.1029/2000JC000683.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Deser, C., , G. Magnusdottir, , R. Saravanan, , and A. S. Phillips, 2004: The effects of North Atlantic SST and sea ice anomalies on the winter circulation in CCM3. Part II: Direct and indirect components of the response. J. Climate, 17, 877889.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Honda, M., , K. Yamazaki, , H. Nakamura, , and H. Takeuchi, 1999: Dynamic and thermodynamic characteristics of atmospheric response to anomalous sea-ice extent in the Sea of Okhotsk. J. Climate, 12, 33473358.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Honda, M., , J. Inous, , and S. Yamane, 2009: Influence of low Arctic sea-ice minima on anomalously cold Eurasian winters. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L08707, doi:10.1029/2008GL037079.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kumar, A., and Coauthors, 2010: Contribution of sea ice loss to Arctic amplification. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L21701, doi:10.1029/2010GL045022.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kvamstø, N. G., , P. Skeie, , and D. B. Stephenson, 2004: Impact of Labrador Sea-ice extent on the North Atlantic Oscillation. Int. J. Climatol., 24, 603612.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Li, S., 2004: Impact of northwest Atlantic SST anomalies on the circulation over the Ural Mountains during early winter. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 82, 971988.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Livezey, R., , and W. Y. Chen, 1983: Statistical field significance and its determination by Monte Carlo techniques. Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 4659.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lopez, P., , T. Schmith, , and E. Kaas, 2000: Sensitivity of the Northern Hemisphere circulation to North Atlantic SSTs in the ARPÈGE climate AGCM. Climate Dyn., 16, 535547.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Losada, T., , B. Rodríguez-Fonseca, , C. R. Mechoso, , and H.-Y. Ma, 2007: Impacts of SST anomalies on the North Atlantic atmospheric circulation: A case study for the northern winter 1995/1996. Climate Dyn., 29, 807819, doi:10.1007/s00382-007-0261-x.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Magnusdottir, G., , C. Derser, , and R. Saravanan, 2004: The effects of North Atlantic SST and sea ice anomalies in the winter circulation in CCM3. Part I: Main features and storm track characteristics of the response. J. Climate, 17, 857876.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Onogi, K., and Coauthors, 2007: The JRA-25 Reanalysis. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 85, 369432.

  • Peng, S., , and J. S. Whitaker, 1999: Mechanisms determining the atmospheric response to midlatitude SST anomalies. J. Climate, 12, 13931408.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Peng, S., , W. A. Robinson, , and S. Li, 2003: Mechanisms for the NAO responses to the North Atlantic SST tripole. J. Climate, 16, 19872004.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Petoukhov, V., , and V. A. Semenov, 2010: A link between reduced Barents-Kara sea ice and cold winter extremes over northern continents. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D21111, doi:10.1029/2009JD013568.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rigor, I. G., , J. M. Wallace, , and R. L. Colony, 2002: Response of sea ice to the Arctic Oscillation. J. Climate, 15, 26482663.

  • Roeckner, E., and Coauthors, 2003: The atmospheric general circulation model ECHAM5. Part I: Model description. Max Planck Institute for Meteorology Rep. 349, 127 pp.

  • Screen, J. A., , and I. Simmonds, 2010: The central role of diminishing sea ice in recent Arctic temperature amplification. Nature, 464, 13341337.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, T., , and R. Reynolds, 2003: Extended reconstruction of global sea surface temperature based on COADS data (1854–1997). J. Climate, 16, 14951510.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sutton, R. T., , W. A. Norton, , and S. P. Jewson, 2001: The North Atlantic oscillation—What role for the ocean? Atmos. Sci. Lett., 1, 89100.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wu, B., , R. Huang, , and D. Gao, 1999: Effects of variation of winter sea-ice area in Kara and Barents Seas on East Asian winter monsoon. Acta Meteor. Sin., 13, 141153.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wu, B., , J. Wang, , and J. E. Walsh, 2004: Possible feedback of winter sea ice in the Greenland and Barents Seas on the local atmosphere. Mon. Wea. Rev., 132, 18681876.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wu, B., , J. Su, , and R. Zhang, 2011: Effects of autumn–winter arctic sea ice on winter Siberian high. Chin. Sci. Bull., 56, 32203228, doi:10.1007/s11434-011-4696-4.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wu, B., , J. Overland, , and R. D'Arrigo, 2012: Anomalous arctic surface wind patterns and their impacts on September sea ice minima and trend. Tellus, 64A, 18590, doi:10.3402/tellusa.v64i0.18590.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wu, R., , S. Yang, , S. Liu, , L. Sun, , Y. Lian, , and Z. Gao, 2011: Northeast China summer temperature and North Atlantic SST. J. Geophys. Res., 116, D16116, doi:10.1029/2011JD015779.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wu, Z., , B. Wang, , J. Li, , and F. Jin, 2009: An empirical seasonal prediction model of the East Asian summer monsoon using ENSO and NAO. J. Geophys. Res., 114, D18120, doi:10.1029/2009JD011733.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 70 70 19
PDF Downloads 57 57 11

On the Relationship between Winter Sea Ice and Summer Atmospheric Circulation over Eurasia

View More View Less
  • 1 Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China
  • 2 Tree-Ring Laboratory, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Palisades, New York
  • 3 Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, China
© Get Permissions
Restricted access

Abstract

Using NCEP–NCAR reanalysis and Japanese 25-yr Reanalysis (JRA-25) data, this paper investigates the association between winter sea ice concentration (SIC) in Baffin Bay southward to the eastern coast of Newfoundland, and the ensuing summer atmospheric circulation over the mid- to high latitudes of Eurasia. It is found that winter SIC anomalies are significantly correlated with the ensuing summer 500-hPa height anomalies that dynamically correspond to the Eurasian pattern of 850-hPa wind variability and significantly influence summer rainfall variability over northern Eurasia. Spring atmospheric circulation anomalies south of Newfoundland, associated with persistent winter–spring SIC and a horseshoe-like pattern of sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the North Atlantic, act as a bridge linking winter SIC and the ensuing summer atmospheric circulation anomalies over northern Eurasia. Indeed, this study only reveals the association based on observations and simple simulation experiments with SIC forcing. The more precise mechanism for this linkage needs to be addressed in future work using numerical simulations with SIC and SST as the external forcings. The results herein have the following implication: Winter SIC west of Greenland is a possible precursor for summer atmospheric circulation and rainfall anomalies over northern Eurasia.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Bingyi Wu, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, 46 Zhong-Guan-Cun South Avenue Haidian District, Beijing 100081, China. E-mail: wby@cams.cma.gov.cn

Abstract

Using NCEP–NCAR reanalysis and Japanese 25-yr Reanalysis (JRA-25) data, this paper investigates the association between winter sea ice concentration (SIC) in Baffin Bay southward to the eastern coast of Newfoundland, and the ensuing summer atmospheric circulation over the mid- to high latitudes of Eurasia. It is found that winter SIC anomalies are significantly correlated with the ensuing summer 500-hPa height anomalies that dynamically correspond to the Eurasian pattern of 850-hPa wind variability and significantly influence summer rainfall variability over northern Eurasia. Spring atmospheric circulation anomalies south of Newfoundland, associated with persistent winter–spring SIC and a horseshoe-like pattern of sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the North Atlantic, act as a bridge linking winter SIC and the ensuing summer atmospheric circulation anomalies over northern Eurasia. Indeed, this study only reveals the association based on observations and simple simulation experiments with SIC forcing. The more precise mechanism for this linkage needs to be addressed in future work using numerical simulations with SIC and SST as the external forcings. The results herein have the following implication: Winter SIC west of Greenland is a possible precursor for summer atmospheric circulation and rainfall anomalies over northern Eurasia.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Bingyi Wu, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, 46 Zhong-Guan-Cun South Avenue Haidian District, Beijing 100081, China. E-mail: wby@cams.cma.gov.cn
Save