The Meridional Displacement of the Summer Asian Jet, Silk Road Pattern, and Tropical SST Anomalies

Xiaowei Hong State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

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Riyu Lu State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

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Abstract

The Silk Road pattern (SRP), which depicts the teleconnection pattern along the Asian jet, has been extensively investigated and commonly described as the leading mode of upper-tropospheric meridional wind anomalies in summer. In this study, the SRP is identified as having a significant relationship with the meridional displacement of the Asian jet (JMD), which manifests as the leading mode of upper-tropospheric zonal wind anomalies. This significant relationship is confirmed by the correlation coefficient between the indices for JMD and SRP, which is 0.39 and reaches statistical significance at the 0.01 level. When the Asian jet is in a northward (southward) displacement, the phase of SRP tends to be shown as anticyclonic (cyclonic) anomalies over western Asia and East Asia and cyclonic (anticyclonic) anomalies over Europe and central Asia. The authors propose an internal atmospheric mechanism for this relationship. In addition, it is found that the JMD is significantly affected by the tropical surface temperature anomalies. In particular, the negative (positive) SST anomalies in the tropical central and eastern Pacific of the preceding spring lead to significant cooler (warmer) tropical tropospheric temperatures in summer and may induce the northward (southward) displacement of the Asian jet through modifying the meridional gradient of tropospheric temperatures. The tropical tropospheric temperature anomalies may also affect the SRP through the JMD.

Corresponding author address: Riyu Lu, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, P.O. Box 9804, Beijing 100029, China. E-mail: lr@mail.iap.ac.cn

Abstract

The Silk Road pattern (SRP), which depicts the teleconnection pattern along the Asian jet, has been extensively investigated and commonly described as the leading mode of upper-tropospheric meridional wind anomalies in summer. In this study, the SRP is identified as having a significant relationship with the meridional displacement of the Asian jet (JMD), which manifests as the leading mode of upper-tropospheric zonal wind anomalies. This significant relationship is confirmed by the correlation coefficient between the indices for JMD and SRP, which is 0.39 and reaches statistical significance at the 0.01 level. When the Asian jet is in a northward (southward) displacement, the phase of SRP tends to be shown as anticyclonic (cyclonic) anomalies over western Asia and East Asia and cyclonic (anticyclonic) anomalies over Europe and central Asia. The authors propose an internal atmospheric mechanism for this relationship. In addition, it is found that the JMD is significantly affected by the tropical surface temperature anomalies. In particular, the negative (positive) SST anomalies in the tropical central and eastern Pacific of the preceding spring lead to significant cooler (warmer) tropical tropospheric temperatures in summer and may induce the northward (southward) displacement of the Asian jet through modifying the meridional gradient of tropospheric temperatures. The tropical tropospheric temperature anomalies may also affect the SRP through the JMD.

Corresponding author address: Riyu Lu, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, P.O. Box 9804, Beijing 100029, China. E-mail: lr@mail.iap.ac.cn
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