Response of the East Asian Winter Monsoon to Strong Tropical Volcanic Eruptions

Jiapeng Miao Nansen-Zhu International Research Center, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, and Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, and College of Earth Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

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Tao Wang Nansen-Zhu International Research Center, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, and Climate Change Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

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Yali Zhu Nansen-Zhu International Research Center, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, and Climate Change Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

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Jinzhong Min Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China

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Huijun Wang Nansen-Zhu International Research Center, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, and Climate Change Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, and Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China

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Dong Guo Climate Change Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

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Abstract

In this study, a 600-yr integration performed with the Bergen Climate Model (BCM), version 2.0, was used to investigate the impact of strong tropical volcanic eruptions (SVEs) on the East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM). It is found that SVEs have an important influence on the East Asian winter climate. The volcanic forcing can cause changes in surface heat fluxes and tropospheric circulation, particularly over the tropics and high-latitude regions. As a result, Arctic Oscillation enters into its positive phase in the first two winters after SVEs. The associated circulation weakens the Siberian high and reduces the cold air transport to East Asia, which is not conducive to the enhancement of the EAWM during this period. At the same time, the North Pacific Ocean gradually cools and shapes La Niña–like sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the third winter after SVEs. The Walker circulation is strengthened over the Pacific, and two anomalous lower-tropospheric cyclones are located over the South China Sea and southeast of Japan, respectively. Therefore, related northeasterly wind anomalies appear along the East Asian coast, indicating a strengthened EAWM during this period. Meanwhile, the enhanced Siberian high and East Asian trough further contribute to the enhancement of EAWM in the third winter. It is therefore concluded that the SVEs-induced climate changes over the tropical Pacific and north polar regions play an important role in regulating the EAWM in the posteruption winters.

Corresponding author address: T. Wang, 40 Hua Yan Li, Qi Jia Huo Zi, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chao Yang District, Beijing 100029, China. E-mail: wangtao@mail.iap.ac.cn

Abstract

In this study, a 600-yr integration performed with the Bergen Climate Model (BCM), version 2.0, was used to investigate the impact of strong tropical volcanic eruptions (SVEs) on the East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM). It is found that SVEs have an important influence on the East Asian winter climate. The volcanic forcing can cause changes in surface heat fluxes and tropospheric circulation, particularly over the tropics and high-latitude regions. As a result, Arctic Oscillation enters into its positive phase in the first two winters after SVEs. The associated circulation weakens the Siberian high and reduces the cold air transport to East Asia, which is not conducive to the enhancement of the EAWM during this period. At the same time, the North Pacific Ocean gradually cools and shapes La Niña–like sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the third winter after SVEs. The Walker circulation is strengthened over the Pacific, and two anomalous lower-tropospheric cyclones are located over the South China Sea and southeast of Japan, respectively. Therefore, related northeasterly wind anomalies appear along the East Asian coast, indicating a strengthened EAWM during this period. Meanwhile, the enhanced Siberian high and East Asian trough further contribute to the enhancement of EAWM in the third winter. It is therefore concluded that the SVEs-induced climate changes over the tropical Pacific and north polar regions play an important role in regulating the EAWM in the posteruption winters.

Corresponding author address: T. Wang, 40 Hua Yan Li, Qi Jia Huo Zi, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chao Yang District, Beijing 100029, China. E-mail: wangtao@mail.iap.ac.cn
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