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Influences of Tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans on the Interannual Variations of Precipitation in the Early and Late Rainy Seasons in South China

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  • 1 Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster of Ministry of Education, Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, China
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Abstract

Because of the seasonal northward migration of the East Asian summer monsoon, the mean-state atmospheric circulation in South China (SC) is remarkably different between the early (May–June) and late (July–August) rainy seasons. This study presents distinct teleconnections between the SC precipitation in the two periods and the sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the tropical oceans. In the early rainy season when the major monsoon rain belt is located in SC, the increased local precipitation is related to the tropical Indian Ocean Basin warming. The basin warming induces an anomalous anticyclone in the South China Sea–western North Pacific (SCS-WNP). The related southwesterly anomalies transport more moisture to SC and lead to more moisture convergence and precipitation there. In the late rainy season when the major monsoon rain belt migrates northward to the Yangtze River valley, the precipitation increase in SC can be caused by the dipole SST anomalies in the tropical Pacific with the cold anomalies near the Maritime Continent and warm ones near the date line. The dipole SST anomalies generate an anomalous cyclone in the WNP with its center more northward than that of the anomalous anticyclone in the early rainy season. The related northeasterly anomalies along its northwestern flank reduce the climatological northward transport of moisture flux out of SC, and increase the moisture convergence and precipitation there. The distinct teleconnections between the SC precipitation and the tropical SSTs in the early and late rainy seasons can be well reproduced in the sensitivity experiments by an atmospheric general circulation model.

© 2019 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

Corresponding author: Chaoxia Yuan, chaoxia.yuan@nuist.edu.cn

Abstract

Because of the seasonal northward migration of the East Asian summer monsoon, the mean-state atmospheric circulation in South China (SC) is remarkably different between the early (May–June) and late (July–August) rainy seasons. This study presents distinct teleconnections between the SC precipitation in the two periods and the sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the tropical oceans. In the early rainy season when the major monsoon rain belt is located in SC, the increased local precipitation is related to the tropical Indian Ocean Basin warming. The basin warming induces an anomalous anticyclone in the South China Sea–western North Pacific (SCS-WNP). The related southwesterly anomalies transport more moisture to SC and lead to more moisture convergence and precipitation there. In the late rainy season when the major monsoon rain belt migrates northward to the Yangtze River valley, the precipitation increase in SC can be caused by the dipole SST anomalies in the tropical Pacific with the cold anomalies near the Maritime Continent and warm ones near the date line. The dipole SST anomalies generate an anomalous cyclone in the WNP with its center more northward than that of the anomalous anticyclone in the early rainy season. The related northeasterly anomalies along its northwestern flank reduce the climatological northward transport of moisture flux out of SC, and increase the moisture convergence and precipitation there. The distinct teleconnections between the SC precipitation and the tropical SSTs in the early and late rainy seasons can be well reproduced in the sensitivity experiments by an atmospheric general circulation model.

© 2019 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

Corresponding author: Chaoxia Yuan, chaoxia.yuan@nuist.edu.cn
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