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Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation Related to Frequent Rossby Wave Breaking near Japan in Boreal Summer

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  • 1 Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, and Climate Prediction Division, Japan Meteorological Agency, Tokyo, Japan
  • 2 Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
  • 3 Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency, Tsukuba, Japan
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Abstract

Rossby wave propagation along the Asian jet during boreal summer, such as the Silk Road pattern, frequently causes wave breaking near the Asian jet exit region. This study examines the statistical relationship between interannual variability of the Rossby wave breaking frequency near Japan and large-scale atmospheric circulation during the boreal summer. The Rossby wave breaking frequency in the midlatitudes climatologically shows its maximum near Japan, and significantly increases during La Niña years. The upper-tropospheric circulation regressed onto the Rossby wave breaking frequency near Japan in August shows large-scale anomalous convergence from the tropical central to eastern Pacific and divergence around the Indian Ocean. The consequent northward anomalous divergent wind over Eurasia contributes to enhancement and northward shift of the Asian jet. The Asian jet also shows meridional meandering with a phase of anomalous anticyclonic circulation near Japan accompanied by the frequent Rossby wave breaking, which is associated with the Silk Road pattern. The frequent Rossby wave breaking is related to southwestward intrusion of anomalous low potential temperature air mass toward the subtropical western North Pacific associated with an enhanced mid-Pacific trough. West of the southwestward cold-air intrusion, enhanced cumulus convection is seen around the northern Philippines, and the Pacific–Japan pattern is significantly seen in the lower troposphere. This result is consistent with a previous study that revealed a linkage mechanism between the Rossby wave breaking near Japan and the Pacific–Japan pattern through dynamically induced ascent resulting in an intrusion of high potential vorticity associated with the Rossby wave breaking.

Corresponding author: Kazuto Takemura, takemura.kazuto@kugi.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Rossby wave propagation along the Asian jet during boreal summer, such as the Silk Road pattern, frequently causes wave breaking near the Asian jet exit region. This study examines the statistical relationship between interannual variability of the Rossby wave breaking frequency near Japan and large-scale atmospheric circulation during the boreal summer. The Rossby wave breaking frequency in the midlatitudes climatologically shows its maximum near Japan, and significantly increases during La Niña years. The upper-tropospheric circulation regressed onto the Rossby wave breaking frequency near Japan in August shows large-scale anomalous convergence from the tropical central to eastern Pacific and divergence around the Indian Ocean. The consequent northward anomalous divergent wind over Eurasia contributes to enhancement and northward shift of the Asian jet. The Asian jet also shows meridional meandering with a phase of anomalous anticyclonic circulation near Japan accompanied by the frequent Rossby wave breaking, which is associated with the Silk Road pattern. The frequent Rossby wave breaking is related to southwestward intrusion of anomalous low potential temperature air mass toward the subtropical western North Pacific associated with an enhanced mid-Pacific trough. West of the southwestward cold-air intrusion, enhanced cumulus convection is seen around the northern Philippines, and the Pacific–Japan pattern is significantly seen in the lower troposphere. This result is consistent with a previous study that revealed a linkage mechanism between the Rossby wave breaking near Japan and the Pacific–Japan pattern through dynamically induced ascent resulting in an intrusion of high potential vorticity associated with the Rossby wave breaking.

Corresponding author: Kazuto Takemura, takemura.kazuto@kugi.kyoto-u.ac.jp
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