Tropical cyclones (TCs) can pump heat downward into the ocean through inducing intense vertical mixing. Many efforts have been made to estimate the TC-induced ocean heat uptake (OHU), but spatiotemporal variability of TC-induced OHU remains unclear. This study estimates the TC-induced OHU, which takes into account the heat loss at the air–sea interface during TC passage compared to previous studies and investigates the spatiotemporal variability of TC-induced OHU and its potential impacts on ocean heat content (OHC) during the period 1985–2018. It is found that the spatial distribution of OHU is inhomogeneous, with the largest OHU occurring in the northwest Pacific, and category 3–5 TCs contribute approximately 51% of the total global OHU per year. The annually accumulated TC-induced OHUs in the regional basins exhibit pronounced interannual variability, which is closely related to the TC power dissipation index (PDI). By decomposing PDI into TC intensity, frequency, and duration, we find that the TC characteristics influencing OHU variability vary by basin. Correlation analyses suggest that the interannual variations of OHUs are linked to El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). In addition, the OHU might have the potential to influence OHC variability, especially in the equatorial eastern Pacific where there are significant positive correlations between the OHU and OHC with lags of 2–6 months. This has an important implication that TC-induced OHU might have potential effects on ENSO evolution.
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