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Streamflow in Southeastern South America and the Southern Oscillation

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  • 1 Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California
  • | 2 Centro de Matemática, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay
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Abstract

The relationship between the Southern Oscillation (SO) and streamflow in two major rivers of southeastern South America (Negro and Uruguay rivers) is explored for the period 1909–1989. It is found that streamflow in both rivers has a clear tendency to be below average in the period from June through December in high SO index years (cold events in the equatorial Pacific Ocean) and a slight tendency to be above average in the period from November through the next February in ENSO years. These findings are in broad agreement with previously proposed associations between extremes in the Southern Oscillation and rainfall variability in southeastern South America.

Abstract

The relationship between the Southern Oscillation (SO) and streamflow in two major rivers of southeastern South America (Negro and Uruguay rivers) is explored for the period 1909–1989. It is found that streamflow in both rivers has a clear tendency to be below average in the period from June through December in high SO index years (cold events in the equatorial Pacific Ocean) and a slight tendency to be above average in the period from November through the next February in ENSO years. These findings are in broad agreement with previously proposed associations between extremes in the Southern Oscillation and rainfall variability in southeastern South America.

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