North Atlantic influence on the glacial amplitude of East Asian millennial-scale monsoon variability

F. Guo aState Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xian 710061, China
bInstitute of Marine Science and Technology, Shandong University Qingdao 266237, China
cDepartment of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912-1846, USA

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S. C. Clemens cDepartment of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912-1846, USA

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X. Du cDepartment of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912-1846, USA

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X. Liu aState Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xian 710061, China

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Y. Liu aState Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xian 710061, China
dUniversity of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

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J. Sun eQingdao Institute of Marine Geology, China Geological Survey, Qingdao 266071, China

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H. Fan aState Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xian 710061, China

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T. Wang aState Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xian 710061, China

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Y. Sun aState Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xian 710061, China
fOpen Studio for Oceanic-Continental Climate and Environment Changes, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Qingdao 266200, China

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Abstract

Millennial-scale climate change is thought to be synchronous throughout the northern hemisphere and has been demonstrated to be strongly modulated by longer-term glacial-interglacial and orbital scale processes. However, processes that modulate the magnitude of millennial-scale variability (MMV) at the glacial-interglacial timescale remain unclear. We present multi-proxy evidence showing out-of-phase relationships between the MMV of East Asian and North Atlantic climate proxies at the eccentricity band. During most late Pleistocene glacial intervals, the MMV in North Atlantic SST and East Asian Monsoon proxies show a gradual weakening trend from glacial inceptions into glacial maxima, inversely proportional to that of North Atlantic ice rafted detritus record. The inverse glacial-age trends apply to both summer- and winter-monsoon proxies across the loess, speleothem, and marine archives, indicating fundamental linkages between MMV records of the North Atlantic and East Asia. We infer that intensified glacial-age iceberg discharge is accompanied by weakened Atlantic meridional overturning circulation via changes in freshwater input and water-column stability, leading to reduction in North Atlantic SST and wind anomalies, subsequently propagating dampened millennial-scale variability into the mid-latitude East Asian Monsoon region via the westerlies. Our results indicate that the impact of North Atlantic iceberg discharge and the associated variability in water-column stability at the millennial-scale is a primary influence on hydroclimate instability in East Asia.

© 2024 American Meteorological Society. This is an Author Accepted Manuscript distributed under the terms of the default AMS reuse license. For information regarding reuse and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

Corresponding author: Fei Guo (guofei091212@163.com) and Youbin Sun (sunyb@ieecas.cn)

Abstract

Millennial-scale climate change is thought to be synchronous throughout the northern hemisphere and has been demonstrated to be strongly modulated by longer-term glacial-interglacial and orbital scale processes. However, processes that modulate the magnitude of millennial-scale variability (MMV) at the glacial-interglacial timescale remain unclear. We present multi-proxy evidence showing out-of-phase relationships between the MMV of East Asian and North Atlantic climate proxies at the eccentricity band. During most late Pleistocene glacial intervals, the MMV in North Atlantic SST and East Asian Monsoon proxies show a gradual weakening trend from glacial inceptions into glacial maxima, inversely proportional to that of North Atlantic ice rafted detritus record. The inverse glacial-age trends apply to both summer- and winter-monsoon proxies across the loess, speleothem, and marine archives, indicating fundamental linkages between MMV records of the North Atlantic and East Asia. We infer that intensified glacial-age iceberg discharge is accompanied by weakened Atlantic meridional overturning circulation via changes in freshwater input and water-column stability, leading to reduction in North Atlantic SST and wind anomalies, subsequently propagating dampened millennial-scale variability into the mid-latitude East Asian Monsoon region via the westerlies. Our results indicate that the impact of North Atlantic iceberg discharge and the associated variability in water-column stability at the millennial-scale is a primary influence on hydroclimate instability in East Asia.

© 2024 American Meteorological Society. This is an Author Accepted Manuscript distributed under the terms of the default AMS reuse license. For information regarding reuse and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses).

Corresponding author: Fei Guo (guofei091212@163.com) and Youbin Sun (sunyb@ieecas.cn)
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