Journal of Climate

CURRENT ISSUE

Volume 36, Issue 1

About the Journal

The Journal of Climate (JCLI) publishes research that advances basic understanding of the dynamics and physics of the climate system on large spatial scales, including variability of the atmosphere, oceans, land surface, and cryosphere; past, present, and projected future changes in the climate system; and climate simulation and prediction.

ISSN: 0894-8755; eISSN: 1520-0442

Editors in Chief

Mingfang Ting, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory

Darryn Waugh, The Johns Hopkins University

View Full Editorial Board

Impact Factor

5.380

2021 Journal Impact Factors in the Meteorology and Atmospheric Science category

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Assessment of Large-Scale Indices of Surface Temperature During the Historical Period in the CMIP6 Ensemble

A. Bodas-Salcedo
,
J. M. Gregory
,
D. M. H. Sexton
, and
C. P. Morice
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Sensitivity of MPI-ESM Sea Level Projections to its Ocean Spatial Resolution

Chathurika Wickramage
,
Armin Köhl
,
Johann Jungclaus
, and
Detlef Stammer
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Sensitivity of the Southern Hemisphere Wintertime Teleconnection to the Location of ENSO Heating

Z. E. Gillett
,
H. H. Hendon
,
J. M. Arblaster
, and
H. Lin
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The Stratosphere-Troposphere Oscillation as the Dominant Intraseasonal Coupling Mode between the Stratosphere and Troposphere

Xiaocen Shen
,
Lin Wang
,
Adam A. Scaife
,
Steven C. Hardiman
, and
Peiqiang Xu
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Enhanced ENSO-unrelated Summer Variability in the Indo-western Pacific Under Global Warming

Chuan-Yang Wang
,
Xiao-Tong Zheng
, and
Shang-Ping Xie
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Biogeophysical Effects of Land-Use and Land-Cover Change not Detectable in Warmest Month

Luke Grant
,
Lukas Gudmundsson
,
Edouard L. Davin
,
David M. Lawrence
,
Nicolas Vuichard
,
Eddy Robertson
,
Roland Séférian
,
Aurélien Ribes
,
Annette L. Hirsch
, and
Wim Thiery
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Divergence in Climate Model Projections of Future Arctic Atlantification

Morven Muilwijk
,
Aleksi Nummelin
,
Céline Heuzé
,
Igor V. Polyakov
,
Hannah Zanowski
, and
Lars H. Smedsrud
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Influence of Spatial Dipole Pattern in Asian Aerosol Changes on East Asian Summer Monsoon

Chao Liu
,
Yang Yang
,
Hailong Wang
,
Lili Ren
,
Jiangfeng Wei
,
Pinya Wang
, and
Hong Liao
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Ocean Model Response to Stochastically Perturbed Momentum Fluxes

Terence J. O’Kane
,
Russell Fiedler
,
Mark A. Collier
, and
Vassili Kitsios
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Two distinct phases of North Atlantic Eastern Subpolar Gyre and Warming Hole evolution under Global Warming

Rohit Ghosh
,
Dian Putrasahan
,
Elisa Manzini
,
Katja Lohmann
,
Paul Keil
,
Ralf Hand
,
Jürgen Bader
,
Daniela Matei
, and
Johann H. Jungclaus
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A Cloud-Controlling Factor Perspective on the Hemispheric Asymmetry of Extratropical Cloud Albedo

Joaquín E. Blanco
,
Rodrigo Caballero
,
George Datseris
,
Bjorn Stevens
,
Sandrine Bony
,
Or Hadas
, and
Yohai Kaspi
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The Late 1970s’ Shift in ENSO Persistence Barrier Modulated by the Seasonal Amplitude of ENSO Growth Rate

Ning Jiang
,
Minjie Yu
,
Bo Lu
,
Jeremy Cheuk-Hin Leung
, and
Congwen Zhu
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The Role of the Gulf of California in the North American Monsoon

Benjamin O. Johnson
and
Thomas L. Delworth
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Contrasting El Niño-La Niña Predictability and Prediction Skill in 2-year Reforecasts of the 20th Century

S. Sharmila
,
H. Hendon
,
O. Alves
,
A. Weisheimer
, and
M. Balmaseda
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Modality of the Tropical Rain Belt Across Models and Simulated Climates

Ori Adam
,
Alexander Farnsworth
, and
Daniel J. Lunt
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Thermal Impact of the Southern Tibetan Plateau on the Southeast Asian Summer Monsoon and Modulation by the Tropical Atlantic SST

Mengmeng Lu
,
Song Yang
,
Congwen Zhu
,
Junbin Wang
,
Shuheng Lin
,
Wei Wei
, and
Hanjie Fan
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Tibetan Plateau’s Far-Reaching Impacts on Arctic and Antarctic Climate: Seasonality and Pathways

Liping Wang
,
Haijun Yang
,
Qin Wen
,
Yinmin Liu
, and
Guoxiong Wu
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Classification and Causes of East Asian Marine Heatwaves during Boreal Summer

Hyoeun Oh
,
Go-Un Kim
,
Yong Sun Kim
,
Jae-Heung Park
,
Chan Joo Jang
,
Yongchim Min
,
Hyunjung Jun
, and
Jin-Yong Jeong
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Controls on Surface Warming by Winter Arctic Moist Intrusions in Idealized Large-Eddy Simulations

Antonios Dimitrelos
,
Rodrigo Caballero
, and
Annica M.L. Ekman
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Indonesian Throughflow Slowdown Under Global Warming: Remote AMOC Effect vs. Regional Surface Forcing

Qihua Peng
,
Shang-Ping Xie
,
Rui Xin Huang
,
Weiqiang Wang
,
Tingting Zu
, and
Dongxiao Wang
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Simulation of African Easterly Waves in a Global Climate Model

Xianan Jiang
,
Hui Su
,
Shuyi S. Chen
, and
Paul Ullrich
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The impact of stochastic mesoscale weather systems on the Atlantic Ocean

Shenjie Zhou
,
Ian A. Renfrew
, and
Xiaoming Zhai
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PATMOS-x Version 6.0: 40 Years of Merged AVHRR and HIRS Global Cloud Data

Michael J. Foster
,
Coda Phillips
,
Andrew K. Heidinger
,
E. Eva Borbas
,
Yue Li
,
W. Paul Menzel
,
Andi Walther
, and
Elisabeth Weisz
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Causes of the Extreme Drought in Late Summer-autumn 2019 Over Eastern China and its Future Risk

Lin Chen
,
Yuqing Li
,
Zi-An Ge
,
Bo Lu
,
Lu Wang
,
Xiaojun Wei
,
Ming Sun
,
Ziyue Wang
,
Tim Li
, and
Jing-Jia Luo
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Disentangling the Driving Mechanisms of Tripole Mode of Summer Rainfall Over Eastern China

Yawen Duan
,
Qing Yang
,
Zhuguo Ma
,
Peili Wu
,
Xiaolong Chen
, and
Jianping Duan
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Impacts of Sea Surface Temperature Gradient on Monsoon Intraseasonal Oscillation

Baosheng Li
,
Lei Zhou
,
Tao Lian
,
Ting Liu
,
Jianhuang Qin
,
Yan Du
, and
Dake Chen
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Understanding the Drivers of Atlantic Multidecadal Variability using a Stochastic Model Hierarchy

Glenn Liu
,
Young-Oh Kwon
,
Claude Frankignoul
, and
Jian Lu
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Moisture Source for the Precipitation of Tropical Cyclones Over the Pacific Ocean Through a Lagrangian Approach

Albenis Pérez-Alarcón
,
Rogert Sorí
,
José C. Fernández-Alvarez
,
Raquel Nieto
, and
Luis Gimeno
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Rainfall and Convection in ERA5 and MERRA-2 over the Northern Equatorial Western Pacific During PISTON

Yolande L. Serra
,
Steven A. Rutledge
,
Kyle Chudler
, and
Chidong Zhang
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Assessing the projected changes in European air stagnation due to climate change

Jacob W. Maddison
,
Marta Abalos
,
David Barriopedro
,
Ricardo García-Herrera
,
Jose M. Garrido-Perez
,
Carlos Ordóñez
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Isla R. Simpson

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MERRA: NASA’s Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications

Michele M. Rienecker
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Max J. Suarez
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Ronald Gelaro
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Ricardo Todling
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Julio Bacmeister
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Emily Liu
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Michael G. Bosilovich
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Siegfried D. Schubert
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Lawrence Takacs
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Gi-Kong Kim
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Stephen Bloom
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Junye Chen
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Douglas Collins
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Austin Conaty
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Arlindo da Silva
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Wei Gu
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Joanna Joiner
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Randal D. Koster
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Robert Lucchesi
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Andrea Molod
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Tommy Owens
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Steven Pawson
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Philip Pegion
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Christopher R. Redder
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Rolf Reichle
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Franklin R. Robertson
,
Albert G. Ruddick
,
Meta Sienkiewicz
, and
Jack Woollen
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The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2)

Ronald Gelaro
,
Will McCarty
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Max J. Suárez
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Ricardo Todling
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Andrea Molod
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Lawrence Takacs
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Cynthia A. Randles
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Anton Darmenov
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Michael G. Bosilovich
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Rolf Reichle
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Krzysztof Wargan
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Lawrence Coy
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Richard Cullather
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Clara Draper
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Santha Akella
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Virginie Buchard
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Austin Conaty
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Arlindo M. da Silva
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Wei Gu
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Gi-Kong Kim
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Randal Koster
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Robert Lucchesi
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Dagmar Merkova
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Jon Eric Nielsen
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Gary Partyka
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Steven Pawson
,
William Putman
,
Michele Rienecker
,
Siegfried D. Schubert
,
Meta Sienkiewicz
, and
Bin Zhao
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The Community Climate System Model Version 4

Peter R. Gent
,
Gokhan Danabasoglu
,
Leo J. Donner
,
Marika M. Holland
,
Elizabeth C. Hunke
,
Steve R. Jayne
,
David M. Lawrence
,
Richard B. Neale
,
Philip J. Rasch
,
Mariana Vertenstein
,
Patrick H. Worley
,
Zong-Liang Yang
, and
Minghua Zhang
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The NCEP Climate Forecast System Version 2

Suranjana Saha
,
Shrinivas Moorthi
,
Xingren Wu
,
Jiande Wang
,
Sudhir Nadiga
,
Patrick Tripp
,
David Behringer
,
Yu-Tai Hou
,
Hui-ya Chuang
,
Mark Iredell
,
Michael Ek
,
Jesse Meng
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Rongqian Yang
,
Malaquías Peña Mendez
,
Huug van den Dool
,
Qin Zhang
,
Wanqiu Wang
,
Mingyue Chen
, and
Emily Becker
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Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature, Version 5 (ERSSTv5): Upgrades, Validations, and Intercomparisons

Boyin Huang
,
Peter W. Thorne
,
Viva F. Banzon
,
Tim Boyer
,
Gennady Chepurin
,
Jay H. Lawrimore
,
Matthew J. Menne
,
Thomas M. Smith
,
Russell S. Vose
, and
Huai-Min Zhang
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GFDL’s ESM2 Global Coupled Climate–Carbon Earth System Models. Part I: Physical Formulation and Baseline Simulation Characteristics

John P. Dunne
,
Jasmin G. John
,
Alistair J. Adcroft
,
Stephen M. Griffies
,
Robert W. Hallberg
,
Elena Shevliakova
,
Ronald J. Stouffer
,
William Cooke
,
Krista A. Dunne
,
Matthew J. Harrison
,
John P. Krasting
,
Sergey L. Malyshev
,
P. C. D. Milly
,
Peter J. Phillipps
,
Lori T. Sentman
,
Bonita L. Samuels
,
Michael J. Spelman
,
Michael Winton
,
Andrew T. Wittenberg
, and
Niki Zadeh
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Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature Version 4 (ERSST.v4). Part I: Upgrades and Intercomparisons

Boyin Huang
,
Viva F. Banzon
,
Eric Freeman
,
Jay Lawrimore
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Wei Liu
,
Thomas C. Peterson
,
Thomas M. Smith
,
Peter W. Thorne
,
Scott D. Woodruff
, and
Huai-Min Zhang
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The Dynamical Core, Physical Parameterizations, and Basic Simulation Characteristics of the Atmospheric Component AM3 of the GFDL Global Coupled Model CM3

Leo J. Donner
,
Bruce L. Wyman
,
Richard S. Hemler
,
Larry W. Horowitz
,
Yi Ming
,
Ming Zhao
,
Jean-Christophe Golaz
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Paul Ginoux
,
S.-J. Lin
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M. Daniel Schwarzkopf
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John Austin
,
Ghassan Alaka
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William F. Cooke
,
Thomas L. Delworth
,
Stuart M. Freidenreich
,
C. T. Gordon
,
Stephen M. Griffies
,
Isaac M. Held
,
William J. Hurlin
,
Stephen A. Klein
,
Thomas R. Knutson
,
Amy R. Langenhorst
,
Hyun-Chul Lee
,
Yanluan Lin
,
Brian I. Magi
,
Sergey L. Malyshev
,
P. C. D. Milly
,
Vaishali Naik
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Mary J. Nath
,
Robert Pincus
,
Jeffrey J. Ploshay
,
V. Ramaswamy
,
Charles J. Seman
,
Elena Shevliakova
,
Joseph J. Sirutis
,
William F. Stern
,
Ronald J. Stouffer
,
R. John Wilson
,
Michael Winton
,
Andrew T. Wittenberg
, and
Fanrong Zeng
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Global Increasing Trends in Annual Maximum Daily Precipitation

Seth Westra
,
Lisa V. Alexander
, and
Francis W. Zwiers
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The Pacific Decadal Oscillation, Revisited

Matthew Newman
,
Michael A. Alexander
,
Toby R. Ault
,
Kim M. Cobb
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Clara Deser
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Emanuele Di Lorenzo
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Nathan J. Mantua
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Arthur J. Miller
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Shoshiro Minobe
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Hisashi Nakamura
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Niklas Schneider
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Daniel J. Vimont
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Adam S. Phillips
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James D. Scott
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Catherine A. Smith

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A Multiscalar Drought Index Sensitive to Global Warming: The Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index

Sergio M. Vicente-Serrano
,
Santiago Beguería
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Juan I. López-Moreno
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The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2)

Ronald Gelaro
,
Will McCarty
,
Max J. Suárez
,
Ricardo Todling
,
Andrea Molod
,
Lawrence Takacs
,
Cynthia A. Randles
,
Anton Darmenov
,
Michael G. Bosilovich
,
Rolf Reichle
,
Krzysztof Wargan
,
Lawrence Coy
,
Richard Cullather
,
Clara Draper
,
Santha Akella
,
Virginie Buchard
,
Austin Conaty
,
Arlindo M. da Silva
,
Wei Gu
,
Gi-Kong Kim
,
Randal Koster
,
Robert Lucchesi
,
Dagmar Merkova
,
Jon Eric Nielsen
,
Gary Partyka
,
Steven Pawson
,
William Putman
,
Michele Rienecker
,
Siegfried D. Schubert
,
Meta Sienkiewicz
, and
Bin Zhao
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The NCEP Climate Forecast System Version 2

Suranjana Saha
,
Shrinivas Moorthi
,
Xingren Wu
,
Jiande Wang
,
Sudhir Nadiga
,
Patrick Tripp
,
David Behringer
,
Yu-Tai Hou
,
Hui-ya Chuang
,
Mark Iredell
,
Michael Ek
,
Jesse Meng
,
Rongqian Yang
,
Malaquías Peña Mendez
,
Huug van den Dool
,
Qin Zhang
,
Wanqiu Wang
,
Mingyue Chen
, and
Emily Becker
Restricted access
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The Dynamical Core, Physical Parameterizations, and Basic Simulation Characteristics of the Atmospheric Component AM3 of the GFDL Global Coupled Model CM3

Leo J. Donner
,
Bruce L. Wyman
,
Richard S. Hemler
,
Larry W. Horowitz
,
Yi Ming
,
Ming Zhao
,
Jean-Christophe Golaz
,
Paul Ginoux
,
S.-J. Lin
,
M. Daniel Schwarzkopf
,
John Austin
,
Ghassan Alaka
,
William F. Cooke
,
Thomas L. Delworth
,
Stuart M. Freidenreich
,
C. T. Gordon
,
Stephen M. Griffies
,
Isaac M. Held
,
William J. Hurlin
,
Stephen A. Klein
,
Thomas R. Knutson
,
Amy R. Langenhorst
,
Hyun-Chul Lee
,
Yanluan Lin
,
Brian I. Magi
,
Sergey L. Malyshev
,
P. C. D. Milly
,
Vaishali Naik
,
Mary J. Nath
,
Robert Pincus
,
Jeffrey J. Ploshay
,
V. Ramaswamy
,
Charles J. Seman
,
Elena Shevliakova
,
Joseph J. Sirutis
,
William F. Stern
,
Ronald J. Stouffer
,
R. John Wilson
,
Michael Winton
,
Andrew T. Wittenberg
, and
Fanrong Zeng
Restricted access

MERRA: NASA’s Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications

Michele M. Rienecker
,
Max J. Suarez
,
Ronald Gelaro
,
Ricardo Todling
,
Julio Bacmeister
,
Emily Liu
,
Michael G. Bosilovich
,
Siegfried D. Schubert
,
Lawrence Takacs
,
Gi-Kong Kim
,
Stephen Bloom
,
Junye Chen
,
Douglas Collins
,
Austin Conaty
,
Arlindo da Silva
,
Wei Gu
,
Joanna Joiner
,
Randal D. Koster
,
Robert Lucchesi
,
Andrea Molod
,
Tommy Owens
,
Steven Pawson
,
Philip Pegion
,
Christopher R. Redder
,
Rolf Reichle
,
Franklin R. Robertson
,
Albert G. Ruddick
,
Meta Sienkiewicz
, and
Jack Woollen
Restricted access

GFDL’s ESM2 Global Coupled Climate–Carbon Earth System Models. Part I: Physical Formulation and Baseline Simulation Characteristics

John P. Dunne
,
Jasmin G. John
,
Alistair J. Adcroft
,
Stephen M. Griffies
,
Robert W. Hallberg
,
Elena Shevliakova
,
Ronald J. Stouffer
,
William Cooke
,
Krista A. Dunne
,
Matthew J. Harrison
,
John P. Krasting
,
Sergey L. Malyshev
,
P. C. D. Milly
,
Peter J. Phillipps
,
Lori T. Sentman
,
Bonita L. Samuels
,
Michael J. Spelman