PERSIANN-MSA: A Precipitation Estimation Method from Satellite-Based Multispectral Analysis

Ali Behrangi Center for Hydrometeorology and Remote Sensing, The Henry Samueli School of Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California

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Kuo-lin Hsu Center for Hydrometeorology and Remote Sensing, The Henry Samueli School of Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California

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Bisher Imam Center for Hydrometeorology and Remote Sensing, The Henry Samueli School of Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California

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Soroosh Sorooshian Center for Hydrometeorology and Remote Sensing, The Henry Samueli School of Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California

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George J. Huffman NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Laboratory for Atmospheres, and Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Greenbelt, Maryland

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Robert J. Kuligowski NOAA/NESDIS/Center for Satellite Applications and Research, Camp Springs, Maryland

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Abstract

Visible and infrared data obtained from instruments onboard geostationary satellites have been extensively used for monitoring clouds and their evolution. The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) that will be launched onboard the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R) series in the near future will offer a larger range of spectral bands; hence, it will provide observations of cloud and rain systems at even finer spatial, temporal, and spectral resolutions than are possible with the current GOES. In this paper, a new method called Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed information using Artificial Neural Networks–Multispectral Analysis (PERSIANN-MSA) is proposed to evaluate the effect of using multispectral imagery on precipitation estimation. The proposed approach uses a self-organizing feature map (SOFM) to classify multidimensional input information, extracted from each grid box and corresponding textural features of multispectral bands. In addition, principal component analysis (PCA) is used to reduce the dimensionality to a few independent input features while preserving most of the variations of all input information. The above method is applied to estimate rainfall using multiple channels of the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) onboard the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellite. In comparison to the use of a single thermal infrared channel, the analysis shows that using multispectral data has the potential to improve rain detection and estimation skills with an average of more than 50% gain in equitable threat score for rain/no-rain detection, and more than 20% gain in correlation coefficient associated with rain-rate estimation.

Corresponding author address: Ali Behrangi, The Henry Samueli School of Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, E.4130, Engineering Gateway, Irvine, CA 92697-2175. Email: abehrang@uci.edu

Abstract

Visible and infrared data obtained from instruments onboard geostationary satellites have been extensively used for monitoring clouds and their evolution. The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) that will be launched onboard the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R) series in the near future will offer a larger range of spectral bands; hence, it will provide observations of cloud and rain systems at even finer spatial, temporal, and spectral resolutions than are possible with the current GOES. In this paper, a new method called Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed information using Artificial Neural Networks–Multispectral Analysis (PERSIANN-MSA) is proposed to evaluate the effect of using multispectral imagery on precipitation estimation. The proposed approach uses a self-organizing feature map (SOFM) to classify multidimensional input information, extracted from each grid box and corresponding textural features of multispectral bands. In addition, principal component analysis (PCA) is used to reduce the dimensionality to a few independent input features while preserving most of the variations of all input information. The above method is applied to estimate rainfall using multiple channels of the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) onboard the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellite. In comparison to the use of a single thermal infrared channel, the analysis shows that using multispectral data has the potential to improve rain detection and estimation skills with an average of more than 50% gain in equitable threat score for rain/no-rain detection, and more than 20% gain in correlation coefficient associated with rain-rate estimation.

Corresponding author address: Ali Behrangi, The Henry Samueli School of Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, E.4130, Engineering Gateway, Irvine, CA 92697-2175. Email: abehrang@uci.edu

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