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A Proposed Structure for Coupling Tiled Surfaces with the Planetary Boundary Layer

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  • 1 Met Office, and Joint Centre for Hydro-Meteorological Research, Wallingford, United Kingdom
  • | 2 European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, United Kingdom
  • | 3 Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, IPSL CNRS, Paris, France
  • | 4 European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, United Kingdom
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Abstract

A generalized coupling is proposed between atmospheric models and surface schemes (land and ocean). A set of input and output variables is defined for this purpose in such a way that it can be used by many current and future models, including mosaic or tile schemes. The basic concept is to pass atmospheric variables from the lowest model level and their relation to corresponding fluxes to the surface scheme. The surface scheme returns the fluxes. In this framework, there is no need for the atmospheric model to have detailed information about the surface. Only the result of the surface computations is needed; namely, the fluxes, which are applied as a boundary condition. The equations for fully implicit coupling are derived, and the relevance for numerical stability is demonstrated. It is also shown that fully implicit coupling in a tile scheme leads to more robust results than partially implicit coupling.

Corresponding author address: Anton Beljaars, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Shinfield Park, Reading RG2 9AX, United Kingdom. Email: anton.beljaars@ecmwf.int

Abstract

A generalized coupling is proposed between atmospheric models and surface schemes (land and ocean). A set of input and output variables is defined for this purpose in such a way that it can be used by many current and future models, including mosaic or tile schemes. The basic concept is to pass atmospheric variables from the lowest model level and their relation to corresponding fluxes to the surface scheme. The surface scheme returns the fluxes. In this framework, there is no need for the atmospheric model to have detailed information about the surface. Only the result of the surface computations is needed; namely, the fluxes, which are applied as a boundary condition. The equations for fully implicit coupling are derived, and the relevance for numerical stability is demonstrated. It is also shown that fully implicit coupling in a tile scheme leads to more robust results than partially implicit coupling.

Corresponding author address: Anton Beljaars, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Shinfield Park, Reading RG2 9AX, United Kingdom. Email: anton.beljaars@ecmwf.int

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