Global Sea-Surface Temperature Distribution Determined From an Environmental Satellite

P. KRISHNA RAO National Environmental Satellite Service, NOAA, Hillcrest Heights, Md.

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W. L. SMITH National Environmental Satellite Service, NOAA, Hillcrest Heights, Md.

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R. KOFFLER National Environmental Satellite Service, NOAA, Hillcrest Heights, Md.

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Abstract

A composite histogram method is used to objectively derive sea-surface temperature distribution from satellite radiation measurements for the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Comparisons with conventional observations yield root-mean-square differences of 2°–3°K. Some of the differences can be accounted for by factors such as the coherent noise introduced by the onboard tape recorder, insufficient atmospheric attenuation corrections, and basic differences between the two types of temperature measurements.

Abstract

A composite histogram method is used to objectively derive sea-surface temperature distribution from satellite radiation measurements for the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Comparisons with conventional observations yield root-mean-square differences of 2°–3°K. Some of the differences can be accounted for by factors such as the coherent noise introduced by the onboard tape recorder, insufficient atmospheric attenuation corrections, and basic differences between the two types of temperature measurements.

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