Quasi-Biennial Oscillation in Stratospheric Zonal Wind and Indian Summer Monsoon

B. K. Mukherjee Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune-411005, India

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K. Indira Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune-411005, India

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R. S. Reddy Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune-411005, India

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Bh V. Ramana Murty Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune-411005, India

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Abstract

In an earlier study a relationship was pointed out between phases of the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) in the lower stratospheric (30 mb) zonal wind and percentage departures of summer monsoon rainfall of India. That study was based on analysis of wind data for Thumba (8°32′N, 76°52′E) and the rainfall data for India for a short-period (1971–76). Wind data for Balboa (9°N, 80°W), which is also an equatorial station, and rainfall activity over India are now examined for a longer period (1951–82). About 15% of the variability in rainfall over India during the summer monsoon is associated with the pattern of the QBO.

Abstract

In an earlier study a relationship was pointed out between phases of the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) in the lower stratospheric (30 mb) zonal wind and percentage departures of summer monsoon rainfall of India. That study was based on analysis of wind data for Thumba (8°32′N, 76°52′E) and the rainfall data for India for a short-period (1971–76). Wind data for Balboa (9°N, 80°W), which is also an equatorial station, and rainfall activity over India are now examined for a longer period (1951–82). About 15% of the variability in rainfall over India during the summer monsoon is associated with the pattern of the QBO.

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