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Quasi-Stationary States in the Southern Hemisphere

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  • 1 M/A-Com Sigma Data, Inc., NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771
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Abstract

Pattern correlations between daily anomalies have been used to study the persistence of the Southern Hemisphere circulations. The dataset consists of daily Australian analyses of 500 mb heights and sea level pressure for the period from 1972 to 1983. Compared to the Northern Hemisphere, the pattern correlations are much lower and more variable in the Southern Hemisphere. The mean one-day lag autocorrelation is only 0.57, compared to 0.81 in the Northern Hemisphere. The correlations increase significantly for the filtered anomalies, which consist of the planetary wavenumbers from 0 to 4.

Subjective criteria based on the pattern correlations are used to select quasi-stationary events. A series of 5 or more daily maps is defined to be quasi-stationary if the pattern correlations between all pairs of five consecutive maps in this time series are larger than or equal to 0.5. In winter, quasi-stationary events can be classified in terms of wavenumbers. Waves 3 and 4 are by far the dominant waves. More than half of the events have wave 3 amplitude with geographically fixed orientations.

Abstract

Pattern correlations between daily anomalies have been used to study the persistence of the Southern Hemisphere circulations. The dataset consists of daily Australian analyses of 500 mb heights and sea level pressure for the period from 1972 to 1983. Compared to the Northern Hemisphere, the pattern correlations are much lower and more variable in the Southern Hemisphere. The mean one-day lag autocorrelation is only 0.57, compared to 0.81 in the Northern Hemisphere. The correlations increase significantly for the filtered anomalies, which consist of the planetary wavenumbers from 0 to 4.

Subjective criteria based on the pattern correlations are used to select quasi-stationary events. A series of 5 or more daily maps is defined to be quasi-stationary if the pattern correlations between all pairs of five consecutive maps in this time series are larger than or equal to 0.5. In winter, quasi-stationary events can be classified in terms of wavenumbers. Waves 3 and 4 are by far the dominant waves. More than half of the events have wave 3 amplitude with geographically fixed orientations.

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