Time Trends of VAS Satellite-derived Soundings

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  • 1 Department of Meteorology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida
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Abstract

Time tendencies of operationally prepared Visible-Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer (VISSR) Atmospheric Sounder (VAS) retrievals and derived products are evaluated by comparing them against corresponding tendencies from radiosonde soundings. Temperature and dewpoint trends from the two sources are compared, as are trends of thickness and precipitable water. VAS retrieval tendencies also are compared with those of the first-guess limited-area fine-mesh model (LFM) input to determine relationships and/or improvements. Time intervals of 6 h receive the greatest attention; however, 3- and 9-h periods also are considered.

Agreements between VAS and radiosonde observation (RAOB) trends generally are found to be very poor, with correlations between two versions usually less than .5. VAS trends compare less favorably with the “ground truth” than do trends of LFM data, which served as first guess. VAS-RAOB trends of vertically integrated parameters, that is, thickness and precipitable water, agree somewhat better than those of temperature and dewpoint, but correlations still are very poor. In evaluating 3-, 6-, and 9-h intervals, statistical agreements between VAS and radiosonde trends are found to improve considerably with increasing time intervals. VAS trends are found to degrade the first-guess (LFM) trend about as often as they improve it.

Abstract

Time tendencies of operationally prepared Visible-Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer (VISSR) Atmospheric Sounder (VAS) retrievals and derived products are evaluated by comparing them against corresponding tendencies from radiosonde soundings. Temperature and dewpoint trends from the two sources are compared, as are trends of thickness and precipitable water. VAS retrieval tendencies also are compared with those of the first-guess limited-area fine-mesh model (LFM) input to determine relationships and/or improvements. Time intervals of 6 h receive the greatest attention; however, 3- and 9-h periods also are considered.

Agreements between VAS and radiosonde observation (RAOB) trends generally are found to be very poor, with correlations between two versions usually less than .5. VAS trends compare less favorably with the “ground truth” than do trends of LFM data, which served as first guess. VAS-RAOB trends of vertically integrated parameters, that is, thickness and precipitable water, agree somewhat better than those of temperature and dewpoint, but correlations still are very poor. In evaluating 3-, 6-, and 9-h intervals, statistical agreements between VAS and radiosonde trends are found to improve considerably with increasing time intervals. VAS trends are found to degrade the first-guess (LFM) trend about as often as they improve it.

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