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Some Synoptic-Scale Aspects of the Surface Fronts over Southern China during TAMEX

Yi-Leng ChenDepartment of Meteorology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii

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Abstract

Although the term “Mei-Yu” is widely used to describe the early-summer rainy season of Taiwan, it is shown that during TAMEX (Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment), most of the surface fronts over southern China differ from the classical model of a “Mei-Yu front” found in the earlier literature. These fronts occur before the seasonal transition in mid-June, during which the upper-level south Asian anticyclone advances northward with considerable tropospheric warming over the China plain. In contrast to Mei-Yu fronts over central China, which occur after. the seasonal transition, most of these fronts possess baroclinic characteristics.

Abstract

Although the term “Mei-Yu” is widely used to describe the early-summer rainy season of Taiwan, it is shown that during TAMEX (Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment), most of the surface fronts over southern China differ from the classical model of a “Mei-Yu front” found in the earlier literature. These fronts occur before the seasonal transition in mid-June, during which the upper-level south Asian anticyclone advances northward with considerable tropospheric warming over the China plain. In contrast to Mei-Yu fronts over central China, which occur after. the seasonal transition, most of these fronts possess baroclinic characteristics.

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