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A Diagnostic Study of the Low-Level Jet during TAMEX IOP 5

Yi-Leng ChenDepartment of Meteorology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii

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Xin An ChenDepartment of Meteorology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii

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Yu-Xia ZhangDepartment of Meteorology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii

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Abstract

During 31 May–2 June 1987 a low pressure center developed around 28°N, 102°E in the lee of the Tibetan Plateau during the passage of a midlatitude trough. It moved northeastward and intensified over the Yangtze River valley and produced widespread rainfall over southeastern China. A strong southwest flow developed in the lower troposphere over southern China as the cyclone deepened. At 0000 UTC 1 June, a well-defined low-level jet (LLJ) was found between the 850- and 700-hPa levels with wind speed exceeding 15 m s−1 at the 850-hPa level and 20 m s−1 at the 700-hPa level. The LLJ transported warm, moist air from the subtropical ocean, increased the moist static energy, and provided a favorable environment for the development of widespread precipitation.

It is shown that the development of the LLJ is closely related to the developing lee cyclone to the east of the Tibetan Plateau. Our analysis reveals that the diagnosed secondary circulation associated with the jet-front system differs from those predicted by previous theoretical studies. The transverse secondary circulation across the front is characterized by a thermally direct circulation across the baroclinic zone with warm air rising within the southwest monsoon flow and cold air sinking in the postfrontal northeasterlies. A very weak thermally indirect circulation was observed to the south.

Abstract

During 31 May–2 June 1987 a low pressure center developed around 28°N, 102°E in the lee of the Tibetan Plateau during the passage of a midlatitude trough. It moved northeastward and intensified over the Yangtze River valley and produced widespread rainfall over southeastern China. A strong southwest flow developed in the lower troposphere over southern China as the cyclone deepened. At 0000 UTC 1 June, a well-defined low-level jet (LLJ) was found between the 850- and 700-hPa levels with wind speed exceeding 15 m s−1 at the 850-hPa level and 20 m s−1 at the 700-hPa level. The LLJ transported warm, moist air from the subtropical ocean, increased the moist static energy, and provided a favorable environment for the development of widespread precipitation.

It is shown that the development of the LLJ is closely related to the developing lee cyclone to the east of the Tibetan Plateau. Our analysis reveals that the diagnosed secondary circulation associated with the jet-front system differs from those predicted by previous theoretical studies. The transverse secondary circulation across the front is characterized by a thermally direct circulation across the baroclinic zone with warm air rising within the southwest monsoon flow and cold air sinking in the postfrontal northeasterlies. A very weak thermally indirect circulation was observed to the south.

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