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Merger of Tropical Cyclones Zeb and Alex

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  • 1 Department of Atmospheric Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
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Abstract

The merger of tropical cyclones Zeb and Alex is described. The process includes mutual cyclonic rotation, followed by merger of Zeb and Alex. The cyclonic rotation of Alex around Zeb accelerated as the separation distance decreased to 850 km. During the merger process, Alex was quickly elongated and wrapped cyclonically around Zeb to become a spiral band of Zeb. The final merger occurred at a distance of 450 km. The observed merger processes appear to be in good agreement with the potential vorticity theories of vortex interaction and the formation of spiral bands. Despite the presence of moist convections, the straining-out regime of Dritschel and Waugh appears to be applicable to the interaction between Alex and Zeb.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Hung-Chi Kuo, Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences, National Taiwan University, 61, Ln 144, Sec 4 Keelung Road, 10772 Taipei, Taiwan.

Email: kuo@lanczos.as.ntu.edu.tw

Abstract

The merger of tropical cyclones Zeb and Alex is described. The process includes mutual cyclonic rotation, followed by merger of Zeb and Alex. The cyclonic rotation of Alex around Zeb accelerated as the separation distance decreased to 850 km. During the merger process, Alex was quickly elongated and wrapped cyclonically around Zeb to become a spiral band of Zeb. The final merger occurred at a distance of 450 km. The observed merger processes appear to be in good agreement with the potential vorticity theories of vortex interaction and the formation of spiral bands. Despite the presence of moist convections, the straining-out regime of Dritschel and Waugh appears to be applicable to the interaction between Alex and Zeb.

Corresponding author address: Dr. Hung-Chi Kuo, Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences, National Taiwan University, 61, Ln 144, Sec 4 Keelung Road, 10772 Taipei, Taiwan.

Email: kuo@lanczos.as.ntu.edu.tw

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