Vertical Displacements Induced by Quasi-Stationary Waves in the Southern Hemisphere Stratosphere during Spring

M. Moustaoui Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California

Search for other papers by M. Moustaoui in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
H. Teitelbaum Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique, Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris, France

Search for other papers by H. Teitelbaum in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
F. P. J. Valero Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California

Search for other papers by F. P. J. Valero in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Abstract

Vertical displacements induced by the quasi-stationary wave with wavenumber 1 (QSW1) in the Southern Hemisphere stratosphere during spring are studied. The displacement exhibits two amplitude maxima located in the upper and lower stratosphere with a phase change of 180° between the two regions. Ozone mixing ratio and temperature wave signatures are explained by the wave-induced displacement in the presence of mean vertical gradients. The QSW1 induces radiative diabatic forcing in the upper stratosphere that results in a cross-isentropic ozone transport. Correlation between vertical displacement at different levels and total ozone indicates that total ozone is directly connected to the displacement in the lower stratosphere. The displacement extends to the tropopause and results in a correlation between total ozone and the tropopause height, but with smaller values. Relative deviation between reconstructed potential vorticity (PV) by using a high-resolution model and PV from observations indicates the existence of a preferred region for wave breaking and high–low-latitude air exchange, in close connection with the upward displacement and the local background flow induced by the QSW1.

Corresponding author address: Mohamed Moustaoui, Center for Atmospheric Sciences, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0242, La Jolla, CA 92093-0242. Email: mmoust@nuvolo.ucsd.edu

Abstract

Vertical displacements induced by the quasi-stationary wave with wavenumber 1 (QSW1) in the Southern Hemisphere stratosphere during spring are studied. The displacement exhibits two amplitude maxima located in the upper and lower stratosphere with a phase change of 180° between the two regions. Ozone mixing ratio and temperature wave signatures are explained by the wave-induced displacement in the presence of mean vertical gradients. The QSW1 induces radiative diabatic forcing in the upper stratosphere that results in a cross-isentropic ozone transport. Correlation between vertical displacement at different levels and total ozone indicates that total ozone is directly connected to the displacement in the lower stratosphere. The displacement extends to the tropopause and results in a correlation between total ozone and the tropopause height, but with smaller values. Relative deviation between reconstructed potential vorticity (PV) by using a high-resolution model and PV from observations indicates the existence of a preferred region for wave breaking and high–low-latitude air exchange, in close connection with the upward displacement and the local background flow induced by the QSW1.

Corresponding author address: Mohamed Moustaoui, Center for Atmospheric Sciences, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0242, La Jolla, CA 92093-0242. Email: mmoust@nuvolo.ucsd.edu

Save
  • Barath, F. T., and Coauthors. 1993: The upper atmosphere research satellite microwave limb sounder instrument. J. Geophys. Res., 98 , 1075110762.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bishop, C. H., and A. J. Thorpe, 1994: Potential vorticity and electrostatics analogy: Quasi-geostrophic theory. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 120 , 713731.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fels, S. B., 1982: A parameterization of scale-dependent radiative damping in the middle atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 39 , 11411152.

  • Fishbein, E. F., and Coauthors. 1996: Validation of UARS Microwave Limb Sounder temperature and pressure measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 101 , 998310016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Foirdevaux, L., and Coauthors. 1996: Validation of UARS MLS ozone measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 101 , 1001710060.

  • Geller, M. A., and M. F. Wu, 1987: Troposphere–stratosphere general circulation statistics. Transport Processes in the Middle Atmosphere, G. Visconti and R. Garcia, Eds., Reidel, 3–17.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hartmann, D. L., and R. R. Garcia, 1979: A mechanistic model of ozone transport by planetary waves in the stratosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 36 , 350364.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hoinka, K. P., H. Claude, and U. Kohler, 1996: On the comparison between tropopause pressure and ozone above Central Europe. Geophys. Res. Lett., 23 , 17531756.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hoskins, B. J., M. E. McIntyre, and A. W. Robertson, 1985: On the use and significance of isentropic potential vorticity maps. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 111 , 877946.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Juckes, M. N., and M. E. McIntyre, 1987: A high resolution one-layer model of breaking planetary waves in the stratosphere. Nature, 328 , 590596.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kiehl, J. T., J. J. Hack, G. B. Bonan, B. A. Boville, D. L. Williamson, and P. J. Rasch, 1998: The National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate Model: CCM3. J. Climate, 11 , 11311150.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kurzeja, J. R., 1984: Spatial variability of total ozone at high latitudes in winter. J. Atmos. Sci., 41 , 695697.

  • Mariotti, A., M. Moustaoui, B. Legras, and H. Teitelbaum, 1997: Comparison between vertical ozone soundings and reconstructed potential vorticity maps by contour advection with surgery. J. Geophys. Res., 102 , 61316142.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Matsuno, T., 1970: Vertical propagation of stationary planetary waves in the winter Northern Hemisphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 27 , 871883.

  • McIntyre, M. E., 1989: On the antarctic ozone hole. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 51 , 2943.

  • McIntyre, M. E., and T. N. Palmer, 1983: Breaking planetary waves in the stratosphere. Nature, 305 , 593600.

  • Mechoso, R. C., 1990: The final warming of the stratosphere. Dynamics, Transport and Photochemistry in the Middle Atmosphere of the Southern Hemisphere, A. O'Neill, Ed., Kluwer Academic, 55–69.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mechoso, R. C., A. O'Neill, J. D. Farrara, V. D. Pope, and D. Pan, 1989: Interhemispheric comparison of the fall and spring circulations in the middle atmosphere. Preprints, Third Int. Conf. on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 421–428.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nakamura, M., and R. A. Plumb, 1994: The effect of flow asymmetry on the direction of Rossby wave breaking. J. Atmos. Sci., 51 , 20312045.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Peters, D., and D. W. Waugh, 1996: Influence of barotropic shear on the poleward advection of upper tropospheric air. J. Atmos. Sci., 53 , 30133031.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Polvani, L. M., and R. A. Plumb, 1992: Rossby wave breaking, filamentation and secondary vortex formation: The dynamics of a perturbed vortex. J. Atmos. Sci., 49 , 462476.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Quintanar, A. I., and C. R. Mechoso, 1995: Quasi-stationary waves in the Southern Hemisphere. Part I: Observational data. J. Climate, 8 , 26592672.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Randel, W. J., 1988: Seasonal evolution of planetary waves in the Southern Hemisphere stratosphere and troposphere. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 114 , 13851409.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ricaud, P., J. Delanoe, B. J. Connor, L. Froidevaux, J. W. Waters, R. S. Harwood, L. A. Mackenzie, and G. E. Peckham, 1996: Diurnal variability of mesospheric ozone as measured by the UARS microwave limb sounder instrument: Theoretical and ground-based validations. J. Geophys. Res., 101 , 1007710089.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Salby, M. L., and P. F. Callaghan, 1993: Fluctuations of total ozone and their relationship to stratospheric air motions. J. Geophys. Res., 98 , 27152727.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schoeberl, M. R., and A. J. Krueger, 1983: Medium scale disturbances in total ozone during Southern Hemisphere summer. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 64 , 13581365.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schubert, S. D., and M. J. Munteanu, 1988: An analysis of tropopause pressure and total ozone correlation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 116 , 569582.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Steinbrecht, W., H. Claude, U. Koler, and K. P. Hoinka, 1998: Correlations between tropopause height and total ozone: Implications for long term changes. J. Geophys. Res., 103 , 1918319192.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Swanson, K. L., 2000: Stationary wave accumulation and the generation of low-frequency variability on zonally varying flows. J. Atmos. Sci., 57 , 22622280.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Swanson, K. L., P. J. Kushner, and I. M. Held, 1997: Dynamics of barotropic storm tracks. J. Atmos. Sci., 54 , 791810.

  • Teitelbaum, H., M. Moustaoui, P. F. J. van Velthoven, and H. Kelder, 1998: Decrease of total ozone at low latitudes in the Southern Hemisphere by a combination of linear and nonlinear processes. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 124 , 26252644.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Waugh, D. W., and Coauthors. 1994: Transport out of the lower stratospheric Arctic vortex by Rossby wave breaking. J. Geophys. Res., 99 , 10711088.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wirth, V., 1991: What causes the seasonal cycle of stationary waves in the southern stratosphere? J. Atmos. Sci., 48 , 11941200.

  • Wirth, V., 1993: Quasi-stationary planetary waves in total ozone and their correlation with lower stratospheric temperature. J. Geophys. Res., 98 , 88738882.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 120 47 8
PDF Downloads 44 22 2