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Misocyclone Characteristics along Florida Gust Fronts during CaPE

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  • 1 NOAA–CIRES/Environmental Technology Laboratory, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado
  • | 2 Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada
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Abstract

Multiple-Doppler radar and rawinsonde data are used to examine misocyclone characteristics along gust fronts observed during the Convection and Precipitation/Electrification (CaPE) project in Florida. The objective of this study is to investigate the observational representativeness of previous numerical simulations of misocyclones by employing a consistent analysis strategy to 11 gust fronts observed in the same region. The investigation focuses on the intensity range of misocyclones and their organization along gust fronts; the relationship between misocyclone intensity and horizontal wind shear, vertical wind shear, and static stability; and the relationship between misocyclones and convection initiation.

The intensity of misocyclones, as indicated by the maximum values of vertical vorticity, varied from 2.8 × 10−3 to 13.9 × 10−3 s−1, although all but one case exhibited values less than 6.4 × 10−3 s−1. Organized misocyclone patterns were only found along small segments of gust fronts. Within those segments misocyclones were spaced between 3 and 7 km. Results show that the intensity of misocyclones was most closely related to the strength of horizontal wind shear across the gust front. The relationship between misocyclone intensity and vertical wind shear and static stability was not as clear. Although convection was initiated along the gust front in 7 of the 11 cases, those regions were not collocated with or in close proximity to misocyclones.

Corresponding author address: David Kingsmill, CIRES, 216 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309-0216. Email: David.Kingsmill@colorado.edu

Abstract

Multiple-Doppler radar and rawinsonde data are used to examine misocyclone characteristics along gust fronts observed during the Convection and Precipitation/Electrification (CaPE) project in Florida. The objective of this study is to investigate the observational representativeness of previous numerical simulations of misocyclones by employing a consistent analysis strategy to 11 gust fronts observed in the same region. The investigation focuses on the intensity range of misocyclones and their organization along gust fronts; the relationship between misocyclone intensity and horizontal wind shear, vertical wind shear, and static stability; and the relationship between misocyclones and convection initiation.

The intensity of misocyclones, as indicated by the maximum values of vertical vorticity, varied from 2.8 × 10−3 to 13.9 × 10−3 s−1, although all but one case exhibited values less than 6.4 × 10−3 s−1. Organized misocyclone patterns were only found along small segments of gust fronts. Within those segments misocyclones were spaced between 3 and 7 km. Results show that the intensity of misocyclones was most closely related to the strength of horizontal wind shear across the gust front. The relationship between misocyclone intensity and vertical wind shear and static stability was not as clear. Although convection was initiated along the gust front in 7 of the 11 cases, those regions were not collocated with or in close proximity to misocyclones.

Corresponding author address: David Kingsmill, CIRES, 216 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309-0216. Email: David.Kingsmill@colorado.edu

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